Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society

, Volume 88, Issue 1, pp 15–21

Generalized Method to Quantify Glycidol Fatty Acid Esters in Edible Oils


    • Tochigi Research Laboratories, Kao Corporation
  • Hiroki Shiro
    • Tochigi Research Laboratories, Kao Corporation
  • Naoki Kondo
    • Tochigi Research Laboratories, Kao Corporation
  • Naoto Kudo
    • Tokyo Research Laboratories, Kao Corporation
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11746-010-1645-3

Cite this article as:
Masukawa, Y., Shiro, H., Kondo, N. et al. J Am Oil Chem Soc (2011) 88: 15. doi:10.1007/s11746-010-1645-3


We previously reported a method to quantify five species of glycidol fatty acid esters (GEs) in edible oils which used a combination of a double solid-phase extraction (SPE) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) using fast HPLC. To expand its application, we established a new method using conventional HPLC, which is applicable not only to liquid oils but also to solid ones. The optimized LC-MS conditions using conventional HPLC were useful for standard GEs but not for oil samples because of the insufficient accuracy during sequential runs. Thin-layer chromatographic studies revealed that co-existing diacylglycerols were not sufficiently removed by the original SPE procedure due to excessive amounts of oil applied to the normal-phase SPE, which disturbed the quantitative and stable detection only when conventional HPLC was employed. The amount of oil applied was decreased tenfold (100 mg → 10 mg), which resulted in stable LC-MS measurements. Furthermore, the use of chloroform/acetone, instead of acetonitrile, prior to the SPE treatment expanded its applicability to solid oils, with recovery values ranging from 102.7 to 109.5% for three oil samples (two liquid and one solid oils). This method can form the basis of a standardized method for the quality control of GEs in edible oils.


Glycidol fatty acid esterQuantificationLC-MSTLCSolid edible oil

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