Fat, fishing patterns, and health among the bardi people of North Western Australia
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Research into the resource use strategies of the Bardi Aboriginal People of One Arm Point, Western Australia, found that they maximize the consumption of specific beneficial marine FA. The Bardi assess the relative fatness of fish and animal species in their enviroment, procuring fish and marine species only when they are considered to be at their fattest stage: during specific seasons; at specific physiological life stages, or through on-site evaluation. In June 1999 and September 2000, samples of fish, dugong, oyster, and turtle were collected by Bardi fishermen, focusing specifically on species considered to be high in fat content and very popular among the Bardi. Nine species were analyzed for total lipids and FA profile, which were determined by capillary GLC. Comparative lipid analysis established that the Bardi hunters' selection process between species and within species and the selection of specific fish fat deposits increase the levels of beneficial FA made available to the community. Bardi fishing and hunting patterns meet a demand for fat within the community and may protect many species of fish whose spawning season is inversely related to the accumulation of the specific gut fat deposits sought by the Bardi. These fat deposits make up for the relatively low levels of fat in the flesh of tropical fish. The Bardi model provides important insights into the nature of human-environment interaction and expands our understanding of the role that warmer-water fisheries can play in human health.
- Bang, H., Dyerberg, J., and Hjorne, N. (1976) The Composition of Food Consumed by Greenland Eskimos, Acta Med. Scand. 200, 69–73. CrossRef
- Bjerregaard, P., Mulvad, G., and Pedersen, H.S. (1997) Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Inuit of Greenland, Int. J. Epidemiol. 26, 1182–1190. CrossRef
- Blanchet, C., Dewailly, E., Ayotte, P., Bruneau, S., Receveur, O., and Holub, B.J. (2000) Contribution of Selected Traditional and Market Foods to the Diet of Nunavik Inuit Women, Can. J. Diet Pract. Res. 61, 50–59.
- Dewailly, E., Blanchet, C., Gingras, S., Lemieux, S., and Holub, B.J. (2002) Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors and n−3 Fatty Acid Status in the Adult Population of James Bay Cree, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 76, 85–92.
- Dewailly, E., Blanchet, C., Lemieux, S., Sauve, L., Gingras, S., Ayotte, P., and Holub, B.J. (2001) n−3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among the Inuit of Nunavik, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 74, 464–473.
- Endres, S., De Caterina, R., Schmidt, E.B., and Kristensen, S.D. (1995) n−3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids: Update, Eur. J. Clin. Invest. 25, 629–638. CrossRef
- Rouja, P.M. (1998) Fishing for Culture: Toward an Aboriginal Theory of Marine Resource Use Among the Bardi Aborigines of One Arm Point, Western Australia, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Durham, Durham, Britain, p. 318.
- O'Conner, S. (1989) Contemporary Island Use in the West Kimberly, Western Australia, and Its Implications for Archaeological Site Survival, Australian Aboriginal Studies 1989/2, 25–31.
- Kenneally, K., Eldinger, D., and Willing, T. (1996) Broome and Beyond, Plants and People of the Dampierland Peninsula, Kimberly, Western Australia, Department of Conservation and Land Management, Como, Western Australia.
- Meehan, B. (1982) Shell Bed to Shell Midden, Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra.
- Smith, M., and Kalotas, A. (1985) Bardi Plants: An Annotated List of Plants and Their Use by the Bardi Aborigines of Dampierland, in North-western Australia, Vol. 12(3), pp. 317–359, West Australian Museum, Perth, Western Australia.
- Sullivan, P. (1998) Salt Water, Fresh Water and Yawuru Social Organisation, in Customary Marine Tenure in Australia (Rigsby, B., ed.), pp. 97–108, Oceania, Sydney.
- Altman, J.C. (1987) Hunter Gatherers Today, an Aboriginal Economy in North Australia, Australian Insitute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra.
- Southon, M. (1998) The Sea of Waubin: The Kaureg and Their Marine Environment, in Customary Marine Tenure in Australia (Rigsby, B., ed.) Oceania, Sydney.
- Johannes, R.E. (1991) Words of the Lagoon, University of California Press, Berkeley.
- Bligh, E.G., and Dyer, W.J. (1959) A Rapid Method of Total Lipid Extraction and Purification, Can. J. Biochem. Physiol. 37, 911–917.
- Dyerberg, J., Bang, H.O., Stoffersen, E., Moncada, S., and Vane, J.R. (1978) Eicosapentanoic Acid and Prevention of Thrombosis and Atherosclerosis, Lancet 2, 117–119. CrossRef
- Harris, C.C. (1989) Interindividual Variation Among Humans in Carcinogen Metabolism, DNA Adduct Formation and DNA Repair, Chemosphere 10, 1563–1566.
- Holub, B.J. (1988) Dietary Fish Oils Containing Eicosapentaenoic Acid and the Prevention of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis, Can. Med. Assoc. J. 139, 377–381.
- Nestel, P. (2000) Fish Oil and Cardiovascular Disease: Lipids and Arterial Function, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 71, S228-S231.
- Simopoulos, A.P. (1997) Omega-3 Fatty Acids in the Prevention-Management of Cardiovascular Disease, Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 75, 234–239. CrossRef
- Sinclair, A.J., O'Dea, K., Dunstan, G., Ireland, P.D., and Niall, M. (1987) Effects on Plasma Lipids and Fatty Acid Composition of Very Low Fat Diets Enriched with Fish or Kangaroo Meat, Lipids 22, 523–529.
- Hansen, J.C., Pedersen, H.S., and Mulvad, G. (1994) Fatty Acids and Antioxidants in the Inuit Diet. Their Role in Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) and Possible Interactions with Other Dietary Factors. A Review, Arctic Med. Res. 53, 4–17.
- Butcher, L.A., O'Dea, K., Sinclair, A.J., Parkin, J.D., Smith, I.L., and Blombery, P. (1990) The Effects of Very Low Fat Diets Enriched with Fish or Kangaroo Meat on Cold-Induced Vasoconstriction and Platelet Function, Prostaglandins Leukot. Essent. Fatty Acids 39, 221–226. CrossRef
- Gracey, M. (1995) New World Syndrome in Western Australian Aborigines, Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol. 3, 220–225.
- O'Dea, K. (1984) Marked Improvement in Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism in Diabetic Australian Aborigines After Temporary Reversion to Traditional Lifestyle, Diabetes 33, 596–603.
- O'Dea, K. (2001) Westernization and Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes in Australian Aborigines, Int. J. Circumpolar Health 60, 138–142.
- O'Dea, K., and Sinclair, A.J. (1985) The Effects of Low Fat Diets Rich in Arachidonic Acid on the Composition of Plasma Fatty Acids and Bleeding Time in Australian Aborigines, Int. J. Nutr. Vitaminol. 31, 441–453.
- O'Dea, K., and Sinclair, A.J. (1982) Increased Proportion of Arachidonic Acid in Plasma Lipids After 2 Weeks on a Diet of Tropical Seafood, Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 36, 868–872.
- Sinclair, A.J., O'Dea, K., and Naughton, J.M. (1983) Elevated Levels of Arachidonic Acid in Fish from Northern Australian Coastal Waters, Lipids 18, 877–881. CrossRef
- Yesner, D.R. (1987) Life in the “Garden of Eden”: Causes and Consequences of the Adoption of Marine Diets by Human Societies, in Food and Evolution: Toward a Theory of Human Food Habits (Ross, E.B., ed.), pp. 285–310, Temple University Press, Philadelphia.
- Holthouse, D. (2001) Dying Breeds. Siberian Eskimos Worry That the Gray Whales Are Poisoned, in San Francisco Weekly, March 28, 2001, San Francisco.
- Smith, M. (1985) Bardi Relationships with The Sea, Anthropological Forum 5, 443–447. CrossRef
- Rousham, E., and Gracey, M. (1998) Seasonality of Low Birthweight in Indigenous Australians: An Increase in Pre-term Birth or Intrauterine Growth Retardation?, Aust. N.Z. J. Public Health 22, 669–672.
- Olsen, S.F., Hansen, H.S., Secher, N.J., Jensen, B., and Sandstrom, B. (1995) Gestation Length and Birth in Relation to Intake of Marine n−3 Fatty Acids, Br. J. Nutr. 73, 397–404. CrossRef
- Olsen, S.F., Hansen, H.S., Sommer, S., Jensen, B., Sorensen, T.I., Secher, N.J., and Zachariassen, P. (1991) Gestational Age in relation to Marine n−3 Fatty Acids in Maternal Erythrocytes: A Study of Women in the Faroe Islands and Denmark, Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 164, 1203–1209.
- Johns, T. (1988) The Origins of Human Diet and Medicine, Arizona Studies in Human Ecology, University of Arizona Press, Phoenix.
- Fat, fishing patterns, and health among the bardi people of North Western Australia
Volume 38, Issue 4 , pp 399-405
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Center for Ocean and Human Health, Bermuda Biological Station for Research Inc., GE01, St. George's, Bermuda
- 2. Public Health Research Unit, CHUL Research Center, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec, G1E 7G9, Québec, Canada