Date: 24 Apr 2012
Signal Divergence is Correlated with Genetic Distance and not Environmental Differences in Darters (Percidae: Etheostoma)
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Speciation research focuses on the evolutionary mechanisms responsible for the origin of species, and recent treatments have distinguished ecological and mutation-order speciation as distinct evolutionary processes. Using a research framework that considers ‘speciation phenotypes’ (sensu Shaw and Mullen in Genet 139(5):649–661, 2011) and a modified hierarchy of speciation models, we address whether speciation in benthic fishes commonly called darters proceeds under divergent ecological selection or a mutation-order process. We examined neutral genetic divergence, sexual signal (male color) divergence, environmental differences, and geographic distance in 66 species pair comparisons. Modified Mantel tests detected significant relationships between genetic distance and overall male color differences, as well as geographic distance and overall male color differences; however, after accounting for the correlation of male color and geographic distance with genetic distance using a partial Mantel test, no relationship was observed between male color and geographic distance. Neither microhabitat nor climatic measures of environmental differences correlated with overall male color differences. Color difference scores for discrete color categories (i.e., red/orange/yellow, black, and blue/green) differed in their correlations with explanatory variables, implying different selection regimes may be influencing each component of darter color patterns. Our results do not support a primary role for divergent ecological selection shaping early divergence of darter sexual signals. Instead, a model of mutation-order speciation may best explain the clock-like manner of changes in male color among darter species.
Adamson, S., & Wissing, T. (1977). Food habits and feeding periodicity of the rainbow, fantail, and banded darters in Four Mile Creek. The Ohio Journal of Science, 77(4), 164–169.
Alford, J., & Beckett, D. (2007). Selective predation by four darter (Percidae) species on larval chironomids (Diptera) from a Mississippi stream. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 78(4), 353–364.CrossRef
Armbruster, J. W., & Page, L. M. (1996). Convergence of a cryptic saddle pattern in benthic freshwater fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 45, 249–257.CrossRef
Avise, J. (1994). Molecular markers, natural history and evolution. New York, NY: Chapman and Hall.CrossRef
Campbell, P., Pasch, B., et al. (2010). Geographic variation in the songs of neotropical singing mice, testing the relative importance of drift and local adaptation. Evolution, 64(7), 1955–1972.PubMed
Carlson, R., & Wainwright, P. (2010). The ecological morphology of darter fishes (Percidae: Etheostomatinae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 100(1), 30–45.CrossRef
Clotfelter, E. D., Ardia, D. R., & McGraw, K. J. (2007). Red fish, blue fish: Trade-offs between pigmentation and immunity in Betta splendens. Behavioral Ecology, 18, 1139–1145.CrossRef
Cocroft, R., Rodriguez, R., et al. (2010). Host shifts and signal divergence, mating signals covary with host use in a complex of specialized plant-feeding insects. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 99(1), 60–72.CrossRef
Coyne, J., & Orr, H. (2004). Speciation. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
De Queiroz, K. (1998). The general lineage concept of species, species criteria, and the process of speciation: Conceptual unification and terminological recommendations. In D. Howard & S. Berlocher (Eds.), Endless forms: Species and speciation (pp. 57–75). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
DeNicola, M., Hoagland, K., et al. (1992). Influences of canopy cover on spectral irradiance and periphyton assemblages in a prairie stream. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 11(4), 391–404.CrossRef
Endler, J. (1992). Signals, signal conditions, and the direction of evolution. American Naturalist, 139, S125–S153.CrossRef
Etnier, D., & Bailey, R. (1989). Etheostoma (Ulocentra) flavum, a new darter from the Tennessee and Cumberland river drainages. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology the University of Michigan, 717, 1–24.
Etnier, D., & Starnes, W. (2001). The fishes of Tennessee. Knoxville, TN: The University of Tennessee Press.
Fleishman, L., Leal, M., et al. (2009). Habitat light and dewlap color diversity in four species of Puerto Rican Anoline lizards. Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 195(11), 1043–1060.CrossRef
Greenberg, L. (1991). Habitat use and feeding behavior of thirteen species of benthic stream fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 31, 389–401.CrossRef
Gumm, J., & Mendelson, T. (2011). The evolution of multi-component visual signals in darters (genus Etheostoma). Current Zoology, 57(2), 125–139.
Gumm, J., Feller, K., et al. (2011). Spectral characteristics of male nuptial coloration in darters (Etheostoma). Copeia, 2011(2), 319–326.CrossRef
Hammer, Ø., Harper, D., et al. (2001). PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica, 4(1), 1–9.
Harmon, L., & Glor, R. (2010). Poor statistical performance of the Mantel test in phylogenetic comparative analyses. Evolution, 64, 2173–2178.PubMed
Harrison, R. G. (1998). Linking evolutionary pattern and process: The relevance of species concepts for the study of speciation. In D. J. Howard & S. H. Berlocher (Eds.), Endless forms: Species and speciation (pp. 19–31). New York: Oxford University Press.
Hlohowskyj, I., & White, A. (1983). Food resource partitioning and selectivity by the greenside, rainbow, and fantail darters (Pisces: Percidae). The Ohio Journal of Science, 83(4), 201–208.
Irwin, D. (2000). Song variation in an avian ring species. Evolution, 54(3), 998–1010.PubMed
Jawor, J. M., & Breitwisch, R. (2003). Melanin ornaments, honesty, and sexual selection. The Auk, 120, 249–265.CrossRef
Julian, J., Doyle, M., et al. (2008). Empirical modeling of light availability in rivers. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(G3), G03022.CrossRef
Lin, S. M., Nieves-Puigdoller, K., Brown, A. C., McGraw, K. J., & Clotfelter, E. D. (2010). Testing the carotenoid trade-off hypothesis in the polychromatic Midas cichlid, Amphilophus citrinellus. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 83, 333–342.PubMed
Maddison, W. P., & Maddison. D. R. (2010). Mesquite: A modular system for evolutionary analysis. http://mesquiteproject.org.
Mani, G., & Clarke, B. (1990). Mutational order, a major stochastic process in evolution. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 240(1297), 29–37.CrossRef
Marie Curie Speciation Network. (2011). What do we need to know about speciation? Trends in Ecology & Evolution, (in press).
Martin, F. (1984). Diets of four sympatric species of Etheostoma (Pisces, Percidae) from southern Indiana, interspecific and intraspecific multiple comparisons. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 11(2), 113–120.CrossRef
Matthews, W., Bek, J., et al. (1982). Comparative ecology of the darters Etheostoma podostemone, E. flabellare and Percina roanoka in the upper Roanoke River drainage, Virginia. Copeia, 1982(4), 805–814.CrossRef
McCormick, F., & Aspinwall, N. (1983). Habitat selection in three species of darters. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 8(3), 279–282.CrossRef
McNett, G., & Cocroft, R. (2008). Host shifts favor vibrational signal divergence in Enchenopa binotata treehoppers. Behavioral Ecology, 19(3), 650–656.CrossRef
Mendelson, T., & Shaw, K. (2005). Use of AFLP markers in surveys of arthropod diversity. Molecular Evolution, Producing the Biochemical Data, Part B (Vol. 395, pp. 161–177). San Diego, Elsevier Academic Press Inc.
Montgomerie, R. (2006). Analyzing colors. In G. Hill & K. McGraw (Eds.), Bird coloration, function and evolution (p. 2). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Moore, W. (1995). Inferring phylogenies from mtDNA variation, mitochondrial-gene trees versus nuclear-gene trees. Evolution, 49(4), 718–726.CrossRef
Olson, V. A., & Owens, I. P. F. (1998). Costly sexual signals: Are carotenoids rare, risky or required? Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 13, 510–514.CrossRef
Page, L., & Burr, B. (2011). Peterson field guide to freshwater fishes. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin.
Panhuis, T., Butlin, R., et al. (2001). Sexual selection and speciation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 16(7), 364–371.CrossRef
Price, T. (2008). Speciation in Birds. Greenwood Village, CO, Roberts & Company Publishers.
Ritchie, M. (2007). Sexual selection and speciation. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics, 38, 79–102.CrossRef
Rundell, R., & Price, T. (2009). Adaptive radiation, nonadaptive radiation, ecological speciation and nonecological speciation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 24(7), 394–399.CrossRef
Rundle, H., & Nosil, P. (2005). Ecological speciation. Ecology Letters, 8(3), 336–352.CrossRef
Ryan, M. J. (1990a). Sexual selection, sensory systems and sensory exploitation. In D. J. Futuyma & J. Antonovics (Eds.), Oxford Surveys in evolutionary biology (Vol. 7, pp. 157–195). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ryan, M. J. (1990b). Signals, species, and sexual selection. American Scientist, 78, 46–52.
Schluter, D. (2000). The ecology of adaptive radiation. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Schluter, D. (2001). Ecology and the origin of species. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 16(7), 372–380.CrossRef
Schluter, D., & Rambaut, A. (1996). Ecological speciation in postglacial fishes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 351(1341), 807–814.CrossRef
Seehausen, O., Terai, Y., et al. (2008). Speciation through sensory drive in cichlid fish. Nature, 455(7213), U620–U623.CrossRef
Swofford, D. (2004). PAUP*, Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (and Other Methods).. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
R Core Development Team (2011) A language and environment for statistical computing. http://www.r-project.org.
Tobias, J., Aben, J., et al. (2010). Song divergence by sensory drive in Amazonian birds. Evolution, 64(10), 2820–2839.PubMed
Turelli, M., Barton, N., et al. (2001). Theory and speciation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 16(7), 330–343.CrossRef
van Snik Gray, E., Boltz, J., et al. (1997). Food resource partitioning by nine sympatric darter species. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 126(5), 822–840.CrossRef
Via, S. (2001). Sympatric speciation in animals, the ugly duckling grows up. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 16(7), 381–390.CrossRef
Welsh, S., & Perry, S. (1998). Habitat partitioning in a community of darters in the Elk River, West Virginia. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 51(4), 411–419.CrossRef
Williams, T., & Mendelson, T. (2010). Behavioral isolation based on visual signals in a sympatric pair of darter species. Ethology, 116(11), 1038–1049.CrossRef
Williams, T., & Mendelson, T. (2011). Female preference for male coloration may explain behavioural isolation in sympatric darters. Animal Behaviour, 82(4), 683–689.CrossRef
- Signal Divergence is Correlated with Genetic Distance and not Environmental Differences in Darters (Percidae: Etheostoma)
Volume 39, Issue 2 , pp 231-241
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Speciation phenotype
- Ecological speciation
- Sexual signal