Essential oil content and composition of Indian sandalwood (Santalum album) in Sri Lanka
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Santalum album (Indian Sandalwood) is found in the mountainous regions of the intermediate zone of Sri Lanka. Few studies have been conducted on sandalwood ecology in this region, and ours is the first recorded study of essential oil content and chemical composition of heartwood. We harvested two trees with State permission and took cross-sections for analysis. We demonstrated a difference in the heartwood formation and oil yield of the trees. The composition of the oil was found to be consistent between trees and along the trunk of the tree. Main aromatic compounds were santalols and other compounds are recorded in lesser quantities. Results of this study comply with the other published work on sandalwood elsewhere. This initial study on S. album in Sri Lanka provided promising results for the future of sandalwood agroforestry.
- Baldovini N, Delasalle C, Joulain D. 2011. Phytochemistry of the heartwood from fragrant Santalum species: a review. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 26: 7–26. CrossRef
- Brand J, Kimber P, Streatfield J. 2006. Preliminary analysis of Indian sandalwood oil from a 14 year old plantation at Kununurra, Western Australia. Sandalwood Research Newsletter, 21: 1–3.
- Brand JE, Fox JED, Pronk G, Cornwell C. 2007. Comparison of oil concentration and oil quality from Santalum spicatum, S.album plantations, 8–25 years old, with those from mature S. spicatum natural stands. Australian Forestry,70(4): 235–241.
- Doran JC, Thomson L, Brophy JJ, Goldsack B, Bulai P, Faka’osi T, Mokoia T. 2005. Variation in heartwood oil composition of young sandalwood trees in the south Pacific (Santalum yasi, S. album and F1 hybrids in Fiji, and S. yasi in Tonga and Niue). Sandalwood Research Newsletter, 20: 3–7.
- Department of Ayurveda, Sri Lanka. 1980. Ayurveda Pharmacopoeia, Vol. 1,Part III, Colombo, Sri Lanka, p.456.
- Flora and Fauna Protection Ordinance Act, No 22 (Amendment). 2009. Published as a Supplement to Part II of the Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka of April 24, 2009
- Forestry Sector Master Plan. 1995. Forest Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Lands and Forestry of Sri Lanka. Colombo.
- Fox JED. 2000. Sandalwood: the royal tree. Biologist, 47: 31.
- Gillieson D, Page T, Silverman J. 2008. ‘An inventory of wild sandalwood stocks in Vanuatu.’ Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Publication number: 2008-08 [FST/2006/118]. ISBN: 978 1 921434 36 5, Canberra. (available at: http://www.aciar.gov.au/node/8439 ).
- Hettiarachchi DS. 2008. Volatile oil content determination in the Australian Sandalwood industry: Towards a standardised method. Sandalwood Research Newsletter, 23: 1–4.
- Hettiarachchi DS, Gamage M, Subasinghe U. 2010. Oil content analysis of Sandalwood: A novel approach for core sample analysis. Sandalwood Research Newsletter, 25: 1–4.
- Howes MJR, Simmonds MSJ, Kite GC. 2004. Evaluation of sandalwood essential oils by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. Journal of Chromatography A, 1028: 307–312. CrossRef
- International Standards Organisation. 1984. Oil of sandalwood (S.album), ISO 3518:2002, Geneva.
- Jones CG, Ghisalberti EL, Plummer JA, Barbour EL. 2006. Quantitative cooccurance of sesquiterpenes: a tool fro elucidating their biosynthesis in Indian Sandalwood, Santalum album. Phytochemistry, 67(22): 2463–2468. CrossRef
- Jones CG, Plummer JA, Barbour EL. 2007. Non-destructive sampling of Indian sandalwood for oil content and composition. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 19: 157–164. CrossRef
- Jones CG, Moniodis J, Zulak KG, Scaffidi A, Plummer JA, Ghisalberti EL, Barbour EL, Bohlmann J. 2011. Sandalwood fragrance biosynthesis involves Sesquiterpene synthases of both the Terpene Synthase (TPS)-a and TPS-b subfamilies, including santalene synthases. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286(20): 17445–17454. CrossRef
- Jones CG, Keeling CI, Ghisalberti EL, Barbour EL, Plummer JA, Bohlmann J. 2008. Isolation of cDNAs and functional characterisation of two multiproduct terpene synthase enzymes from sandalwood, Santalum album L. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 477(1): 121–30. CrossRef
- McKinell FH. 2008. WA sandalwood industry development plan 2008–2020. Perth: Forest Products Commission.
- Moretta P, Ghisalberti E, Trengove R. 2001. Longitudinal variation in the yield and composition of sandalwood oil from Santalum spicatum. Sandalwood Research Newsletter, 14: 5–7.
- Page T, Tate H, Tungon J, Sam C, Dickinson G, Robson K, Southwell I, Russell M, Waycott M, Leakey RRB. 2006. Evaluation of heartwood and oil characters in nine populations of Santalum austrocaledonicum from Vanuatu. Sandalwood Research Newsletter, 21: 4–7.
- Page T, Southwell I, Russell M, Tate H, Tungon J, Sam C, Dickinson G, Robson K, Leakey RRB. 2010a. Geographic and phenotypic variation in heartwood and essential oil characters in natural populations of Santalum austrocaledonicum in vanuatu. Chemistry and Biodiversity, 7(8): 1990–2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200900382 CrossRef
- Page T, Potrawiak A, Berry A, Tate H, Tungon J, Tabi M. 2010b. Production of Sandalwood (Santalum austrocaledonicum) for improved smallholder incomes in Vanuatu. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 19: 299–316. CrossRef
- Piggott M, Ghisalberti E, Trengove R. 1997. Western Australian Sandalwood oil: extraction by different techniques and variations of the major components in different sections of a single tree. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 12(1): 43–46. CrossRef
- Tennakoon KU, Ekanayake SP, Etampawala ERLB. 2000. An overview of Santalum album research in Sri Lanka. Sandalwood Research Newsletter, 11: 1–4.
- Verghese J, Sunny TP, Balakrishnan KV. 1990. Alpha santalo and beta santalol, a new quality determination of East Indian Sandalwood oil. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 5: 223–226. CrossRef
- Essential oil content and composition of Indian sandalwood (Santalum album) in Sri Lanka
Journal of Forestry Research
Volume 24, Issue 1 , pp 127-130
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Northeast Forestry University
- Additional Links
- essential oil
- Sri Lanka
- Santalum album