Nano Express

Nanoscale Research Letters

, 5:370

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Nanocasting Synthesis of Ultrafine WO3 Nanoparticles for Gas Sensing Applications

  • Elham Kamali HeidariAffiliated withMaterials and Energy Research Center
  • , Ehsan MarzbanradAffiliated withMaterials and Energy Research Center
  • , Cyrus ZamaniAffiliated withME2, Departament d’Electrònica, Universitat de Barcelona Email author 
  • , Babak RaissiAffiliated withMaterials and Energy Research Center


Ultrafine WO3 nanoparticles were synthesized by nanocasting route, using mesoporous SiO2 as a template. BET measurements showed a specific surface area of 700 m 2/gr for synthesized SiO2, while after impregnation and template removal, this area was reduced to 43 m 2/gr for WO3 nanoparticles. HRTEM results showed single crystalline nanoparticles with average particle size of about 5 nm possessing a monoclinic structure, which is the favorite crystal structure for gas sensing applications. Gas sensor was fabricated by deposition of WO3 nanoparticles between electrodes via low frequency AC electrophoretic deposition. Gas sensing measurements showed that this material has a high sensitivity to very low concentrations of NO2 at 250°C and 300°C.


WO3 Nanocasting Low frequency AC electrophoretic deposition NO2 gas sensor