Nano Express

Nanoscale Research Letters

, Volume 3, Issue 10, pp 361-364

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Single-photon Transistors Based on the Interaction of an Emitter and Surface Plasmons

  • Fang-Yu HongAffiliated withNational Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Physics, Nanjing University Email author 
  • , Shi-Jie XiongAffiliated withNational Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Physics, Nanjing University

Abstract

A symmetrical approach is suggested (Chang DE et al. Nat Phys 3:807, 2007) to realize a single-photon transistor, where the presence (or absence) of a single incident photon in a ‘gate’ field is sufficient to allow (prevent) the propagation of a subsequent ‘signal’ photon along the nanowire, on condition that the ‘gate’ field is symmetrically incident from both sides of an emitter simultaneously. We present a scheme for single-photon transistors based on the strong emitter-surface-plasmon interaction. In this scheme, coherent absorption of an incoming ‘gate’ photon incident along a nanotip by an emitter located near the tip of the nanotip results in a state flip in the emitter, which controls the subsequent propagation of a ‘signal’ photon in a nanowire perpendicular to the axis of the nanotip.

Keywords

Single-photon transistor Nanotip Surface plasmon