Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 357-366

First online:

Phosphorus Partition between Liquid Steel and CaO-SiO2-P2O5-MgO Slag Containing Low FeO

  • Somnath BasuAffiliated withResearch & Development, Tata Steel Email author 
  • , Ashok Kumar LahiriAffiliated withIndian Institute of Science
  • , Seshadri SeetharamanAffiliated withRoyal Institute of Technology

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CaO-SiO2-FeO x -P2O5-MgO bearing slags are typical in the basic oxygen steelmaking (BOS) process. The partition ratio of phosphorus between slag and steel is an index of the phosphorus holding capacity of the slag, which determines the phosphorus content achievable in the finished steel. The influences of FeO concentration and basicity on the equilibrium phosphorus partition ratios were experimentally determined at temperatures of 1873 and 1923 K, for conditions of MgO saturation. The partition ratio initially increased with basicity but attained a constant value beyond basicity of 2.5. An increase in FeO concentration up to approximately 13 to 14 mass pct was beneficial for phosphorus partition.