Role of cold work and SiC reinforcements on the β′/β precipitation in Al-10 pct Mg alloy
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- Bhargava, N.R.M.R., Samajdar, I., Ranganathan, S. et al. Metall and Mat Trans A (1998) 29: 2835. doi:10.1007/s11661-998-0324-6
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Elevated temperature (above 100 °C) precipitation behaviors were studied in A1-10 wt pct Mg alloy and the same alloy reinforced with SiC particles through electrical resistivity, hardness, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and microscopy. Two distinct hardness peaks/resistivity drops, as associated with two precipitation events, were identified: (1) α (solid solution) → β′ (metastable hex precipitate) → β (Al3Mg2, stable complex cubic precipitate); and (2) α → β. Equilibrium β precipitates, transformed from metastable β′, were observed to possess a wide variet of orientation relationships with the matrix and were often observed to be twinned. A more restricted orientation relationship (only three variants) between β and matrix was observed in direct decomposition of α to β, and β precipitates, within these orientation relationships, were never observed to be twinned. In a predominantly binary Al-Mg system, direct precipitation of β was observed to dominate. However, the presence of trace amounts of boron nitride and/or boron (or a large supply of matrix dislocations) either from cold work, or (as in case of composites) from the thermal mismatch between the SiC and Al matrix, produced both precipitation events with event 1 dominant.