Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A

, Volume 40, Issue 11, pp 2729-2742

First online:

Evolution of Grain-Boundary Microstructure and Texture in Interstitial-Free Steel Processed by Equal-Channel Angular Extrusion

  • Ayan BhowmikAffiliated withDepartment of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science
  • , Somjeet BiswasAffiliated withDepartment of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science
  • , Satyam SuwasAffiliated withDepartment of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science Email author 
  • , R.K. RayAffiliated withR&D Division, TATA Steel
  • , D. BhattacharjeeAffiliated withR&D Division, TATA Steel

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The equal-channel angular extrusion (ECAE) of Ti-bearing interstitial-free (IF) steel was performed following two different routes, up to four passes, at a temperature of 300 °C. The ECAE led to a grain refinement to submicron size. After the second pass, the grain size attained saturation thereafter. The microstructural analysis indicated the presence of coincident-site lattice (CSL) boundaries in significant fraction, in addition to a high volume fraction of high-angle random boundaries and some low-angle boundaries after the deformation. Among the special boundaries, Σ3 and Σ13 were the most prominent ones and their fraction depended on the processing route followed. A deviation in the misorientation angle distribution from the Mackenzie distribution was noticed. The crystallographic texture after the first pass resembled that of simple shear, with the {112}, {110}, and {123} aligned to the macroscopic shear plane.