Sustainability Science

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 5–16

Defining climate-change victims


    • United Nations University Institute for Sustainability and Peace
  • Kieran G. Mundy
    • Tokiwa International Victimology Institute, Tokiwa University
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11625-011-0138-0

Cite this article as:
Popovski, V. & Mundy, K.G. Sustain Sci (2012) 7: 5. doi:10.1007/s11625-011-0138-0


This article introduces the concept of “climate-change victims” and classifies categories of threats and groups of people who would be vulnerable to and victimized by human-induced climate change. (The full, correct wording is “human-induced climate-change victims”, but we will use just “climate-change victims” in the rest of the article.) It offers a definition with three levels of climate-change victimization and differentiates “climate-change victims” from “natural-disasters victims” and from “climate-change migrants”. The article sets an agenda for a new type of victimhood and could lead to further research on possible prevention, accountability measures, environmental tribunals, and compensation mechanisms to recompense climate-change victims.


Climate change Victims Vulnerability Migration Suffering Natural disasters

Copyright information

© Integrated Research System for Sustainability Science, United Nations University, and Springer 2011