Human Evolution

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 167-175

First online:

Artificial Occurrence of the Fallow Deer, Dama dama dama (L., 1758), on the Island of Rhodes (Greece): Insight from mtDNA Analysis

  • Marco MassetiAffiliated withDipartimento di Biologia Animale e Genetica “Leo Pardi”, Laboratori di Antropologia ed Etnologia, Università di Firenze Email author 
  • , Alberto CavallaroAffiliated with
  • , Elena PecchioliAffiliated withCEA, Centro di Ecologia Alpina
  • , Cristiano VernesiAffiliated withCEA, Centro di Ecologia Alpina

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We investigated the origins of the fallow deer (Dama dama dama) of Rhodes by both morphological and molecular means. Our results show that these deer have homogeneous phenotypic patterns. All specimens fell within the common colour coat variety typical of the wild form. The Rhodian deer appear to be rather small, especially when compared with specimens from central and northern Europe. We then sequenced the HVR-I of 13 deer from Rhodes and compared these sequences with other 31 samples obtained from different European and Anatolian populations of fallow deer. Out of 44 sequences, 23 haploypes were found. When compared to the Turkish and Italian populations, the population of Rhodes revealed lower values of within population genetic diversity. The fallow deer from Rhodes are characterized by an 80-bp mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) insertion not found elsewhere. As a consequence, all the deer from Rhodes form a tight cluster, distinct from all other fallow deer populations. This uniqueness makes the conservation and management of the Rhodian population particularly urgent.


genetics D-loop population genetics diversity conservation