The Review of International Organizations

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 81–109

External sources of clean technology: Evidence from the Clean Development Mechanism

Authors

    • Graduate School of Economic and Social SciencesUniversity of Mannheim
  • Johannes Urpelainen
    • Department of Political ScienceColumbia University
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11558-012-9150-0

Cite this article as:
Bayer, P. & Urpelainen, J. Rev Int Organ (2013) 8: 81. doi:10.1007/s11558-012-9150-0

Abstract

New technology is fundamental to sustainable development. However, inventors from industrialized countries often refuse technology transfer because they worry about reverse-engineering. When can clean technology transfer succeed? We develop a formal model of the political economy of North–South technology transfer. According to the model, technology transfer is possible if (1) the technology in focus has limited global commercial potential or (2) the host developing country does not have the capacity to absorb new technologies for commercial use. If both conditions fail, inventors from industrialized countries worry about the adverse competitiveness effects of reverse-engineering, so technology transfer fails. Data analysis of technology transfer in 4,894 projects implemented under the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism during the 2004–2010 period provides evidence in support of the model.

Keywords

Technology transferPolitical economyClean Development Mechanism

JEL Classification

D02F55O33Q54Q56

Supplementary material

11558_2012_9150_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (95 kb)
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012