The cost of complying with human rights treaties: The convention on the rights of the child and basic immunization
- Varun Gauri
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The determinants of compliance with human rights treaties likely vary according to the right in question, yet heterogeneity in the pathways through which ratification affects various human rights outcomes has received limited attention. This paper first develops an account of treaty compliance that incorporates the intrinsic benefits to the state of compliance, regime costs associated with certain rights, the political costs that NGOs, judges, and others are able to impose for non-compliance, and the fiscal and economic costs of compliance. The paper argues that for child survival rights, fiscal and economic costs are likely to be dispositive, and that as a result richer countries are more likely to comply. The paper then uses an instrumental variable approach to investigate whether ratification of the Convention of the Rights of the Child was associated with stronger effort at the country level on child survival rights. It finds that ratification of the CRC was correlated with a subsequent increase in immunization rates, but only in upper middle and high income countries.
- Boerma, J. T., & Macro Systems. Institute for Resource Development. Demographic and Health Surveys. (1990). Immunization: Levels, trends, and differentials. Columbia, Md., USA: Institute for Resource Development/Macro Systems.
- Chayes, A., & Chayes, A. H. (1993). On compliance. International Organization, 47(2), 175–205. CrossRef
- Chau, N. H., & Kanbur, R. (2001). The adoption of international labor standards conventions: Who, when and why? Brookings Trade Forum, 113–156.
- Collier, P. (2007). The bottom billion: Why the poorest countries are failing and what can be done about it. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Desai, S., & Alva, S. (1998). Maternal education and child health: Is there a strong causal relationship? Demography, 35(1), 71–81. CrossRef
- Ehreth, J. (2003). The global value of vaccination. Vaccine, 21(7–8), 596–600. CrossRef
- Gauri, V., & Brinks, D. M. (2008). Courting social justice: Judicial enforcement of social and economic rights in the developing world. New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
- Gauri, V., & Khaleghian, P. (2002). Immunization in developing countries: Its political and institutional determinants. World Development, 30(12), 2109–32. CrossRef
- Goodliffe, J., & Hawkins, D. G. (2008). Explaining commitment: States and the convention against torture. The Journal of Politics, 68(02), 358–71.
- Goodman, R., & Jinks, D. (2005). International law and state socialization: Conceptual, empirical, and normative challenges. Duke Law Journal, 54(4), 983–98.
- Hafner-Burton, E. M. (2008). Sticks and stones: Naming and shaming the human rights enforcement problem. International Organization, 62(4), 689–716. CrossRef
- Hathaway, O. (2002). Do human rights treaties make a difference? Yale Law Journal, 111(8), 1935–2042. CrossRef
- Helfer, L. R., & Slaughter, A. M. (1997). Toward a theory of effective supranational adjudication. Yale Law Journal, 107(2), 273–391. CrossRef
- Herbst, JI. (2000). States and power in Africa: Comparative lessons in authority and control: Princeton Univ Pr.
- Koh, H. H. (1999). How is international human rights law enforced? Indiana Law Journal, 74(4), 1397–417.
- Krasner, S.D. (1993). Sovereignty, regimes, and human rights. Regime theory and international relations:pp 139–167.
- La Porta, R., Lopez-De-Silanes, F., Shleifer, A., & Vishny, R. W. (1997). Legal determinants of external finance. Journal of finance, 52(3), 1131–50. CrossRef
- Landman, T. (2005). Protecting human rights: A comparative study. Washington: Georgetown University Press.
- Langford, M. (2009). Social rights jurisprudence: Emerging trends in comparative and international law. Nueva York: Cambridge University Press.
- LeBlanc, L. J. (1995). The convention on the rights of the child: United Nations lawmaking on human rights. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
- Macq, J., Ferrinho, P., De Brouwere, V., & Van Lerberghe, W. (2001). Managing health services in developing countries: between ethics of the civil servant and the need for moonlighting: managing and moonlighting. Hum Res Health Dev J, 5, 17–24.
- Mahoney, R. T., Ramachandran, S., & Xu, Z. Y. (2000). The introduction of new vaccines into developing countries II. Vaccine financing. Vaccine, 18(24), 2625–35. CrossRef
- Neumayer, E. (2005). Do international human rights treaties improve respect for human rights? Journal of Conflict Resolution, 49(6), 925–53. CrossRef
- Powell, E. J., & Staton, J. K. (2009). Domestic judicial institutions and human rights treaty violation. International Studies Quarterly, 53(1), 149–74. CrossRef
- Prasad, E. S., Rajan, R. G., & Subramanian, A. (2007). Foreign capital and economic growth. Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research. In NBER working paper; no. 13619.
- Risse, T., Ropp, S. C., & Sikkink, K. (1999). The power of human rights: International norms and domestic change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
- Simmons, B. A. (2009). Mobilizing for human rights: International law in domestic politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Susanti, B. (2008). The implementation of the rights to health care and education in Indonesia. In V. Gauri & D. M. Brinks (Eds.), Courting social justice: Judicial enforcement of social and economic rights in the developing world. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- UNICEF. (1996). Sustainability of achievements: Lessons learned from universal child immunization: Report of a steering committee. New York: UNICEF.
- World Health Organization. Dept. of Vaccines and Other Biologicals. (1999). Informal meeting on issues of immunization data and monitoring/management of adverse events: Geneva, 17-20 November 1998. Geneva: World Health Organization.
- The cost of complying with human rights treaties: The convention on the rights of the child and basic immunization
The Review of International Organizations
Volume 6, Issue 1 , pp 33-56
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Human rights
- Convention on the Rights of the Child
- Industry Sectors
- Varun Gauri (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. The World Bank, Washington, DC, 20433, USA