Journal of Real-Time Image Processing

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 741–757

A low-cost vehicle counter for next-generation ITS

  • Claudio Salvadori
  • Matteo Petracca
  • Stefano Bocchino
  • Riccardo Pelliccia
  • Paolo Pagano
Special Issue Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11554-014-0411-4

Cite this article as:
Salvadori, C., Petracca, M., Bocchino, S. et al. J Real-Time Image Proc (2015) 10: 741. doi:10.1007/s11554-014-0411-4

Abstract

This paper describes a vehicle counter application to be used in low-cost and low-complexity devices to be deployed in next-generation pervasive Intelligent Transport Systems. The first part of the paper introduces the Linesensor theory, which exploits the temporal redundancy of the movement to enable the processing of a 1D images (i.e. lines), thus reducing the complexity for extracting features and understanding the environment. Because of the high speed of the objects to be detected, the proposed application requires a very high frame rate and consequently an optimised design for the whole computer vision pipeline. For these reasons, in the second part of the paper, we propose a low-complexity background modelling algorithm permitting to extract information related to the whole image from a single metric. Our arguments demonstrate that the proposed algorithm has comparable performance in the segmentation operation as other state-of-the-art techniques, but reducing significantly the computational cost.

Keywords

Vehicle counter Background modelling Embedded computer vision Smart camera Computer vision applications for ITS 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudio Salvadori
    • 1
  • Matteo Petracca
    • 2
  • Stefano Bocchino
    • 1
  • Riccardo Pelliccia
    • 1
  • Paolo Pagano
    • 2
  1. 1.TeCIP InstituteScuola Superiore Sant’AnnaPisaItaly 
  2. 2.National Inter-University Consortium for TelecommunicationsPisaItaly