Article

Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 90, Issue 4, pp 632-652

Retail Redlining in New York City: Racialized Access to Day-to-Day Retail Resources

  • Naa Oyo A. KwateAffiliated withDepartment of Human Ecology, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Email author 
  • , Ji Meng LohAffiliated withAT&T Labs-Research
  • , Kellee WhiteAffiliated withDepartment of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina
  • , Nelson SaldanaAffiliated withDepartment of Human Ecology, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New JerseyDepartment of Sociology, University of Michigan

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Abstract

Racial residential segregation is associated with health inequalities in the USA, and one of the primary mechanisms is through influencing features of the neighborhood physical environment. To better understand how Black residential segregation might contribute to health risk, we examined retail redlining; the inequitable distribution of retail resources across racially distinct areas. A combination of visual and analytic methods was used to investigate whether predominantly Black census block groups in New York City had poor access to retail stores important for health. After controlling for retail demand, median household income, population density, and subway ridership, percent Black was associated with longer travel distances to various retail industries. Our findings suggest that Black neighborhoods in New York City face retail redlining. Future research is needed to determine how retail redlining may perpetuate health disparities and socioeconomic disadvantage.

Keywords

Segregation African American/Black Retail Redlining Neighborhoods New York City