An Analysis of Respondent Driven Sampling with Injection Drug Users (IDU) in Albania and the Russian Federation
Injection drug users in Tirana, Albania and St. Petersburg, Russia were recruited into a study assessing HIV-related behaviors and HIV serostatus using Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS), a peer-driven recruitment sampling strategy that results in a probability sample. (Salganik M, Heckathorn DD. Sampling and estimation in hidden populations using respondent-driven sampling. Sociol Method. 2004;34:193–239). This paper presents a comparison of RDS implementation, findings on network and recruitment characteristics, and lessons learned. Initiated with 13 to 15 seeds, approximately 200 IDUs were recruited within 8 weeks. Information resulting from RDS indicates that social network patterns from the two studies differ greatly. Female IDUs in Tirana had smaller network sizes than male IDUs, unlike in St. Petersburg where female IDUs had larger network sizes than male IDUs. Recruitment patterns in each country also differed by demographic categories. Recruitment analyses indicate that IDUs form socially distinct groups by sex in Tirana, whereas there was a greater degree of gender mixing patterns in St. Petersburg. RDS proved to be an effective means of surveying these hard-to-reach populations.
- Salganik M, Heckathorn DD. Sampling and estimation in hidden populations using respondent-driven sampling. Sociol Method. 2004;34:193–239. CrossRef
- Heckathorn DD. Respondent driven sampling II: deriving valid population estimates from chain-referral samples of hidden populations. Soc Probl. 2002;49(1):11–34. CrossRef
- Heckathorn DD. Respondent-driven sampling: a new approach to the study of hidden populations. Soc Probl. 1997;44(2):174–199. CrossRef
- Ramirez-Valles J, Heckathorn DD, Vazquez R, et al. From networks to populations: the development and application of respondent-driven sampling among IDUs and Latino gay men. AIDS Behav. 2005;9(4):387–402. CrossRef
- Karapetyan AF, Sokolovsky YV, Araviyskaya ER, et al. Syphilis among intravenous drug-using population: epidemiological situation in St. Petersburg, Russia. Int J STD AIDS. 2002;13(9):618–623. CrossRef
- Shakarishvili A, Dubovskaya LK, Zohrabyan LS, et al. Sex work, drug use, HIV infection, and spread of sexually transmitted infections in Moscow, Russian Federation. Lancet. 2005;366(9479):57–60. CrossRef
- Abdala N, Carney JM, Durante AJ, et al. Estimating the prevalence of syringe-borne and sexually transmitted diseases among injection drug users in St. Petersburg, Russia. Int J STD AIDS. 2003;14(10):697–703. CrossRef
- UNAIDS/WHO. Epidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections. Italy; 2004.
- Rhodes T, Sarang A, Bobrik A, et al. HIV transmission and HIV prevention associated with injecting drug use in the Russian Federation. Int J Drug Policy. 2004;15(1):1–16. CrossRef
- UNICEF. Albania website: A ‘young country’ on the move. http://www.unicef.org/albania/overview.html. Accessed January 21, 2006.
- Personal Communication with APRAD (Aksion Plus and Drug Treatment Hospital). firstname.lastname@example.org. Tirana, Albania; 2005.
- International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights. Human Rights in the OSCE region: The Balkans, the Caucasus, Europe, Central Asia, and North America Report. Vienna; 2001.
- An Analysis of Respondent Driven Sampling with Injection Drug Users (IDU) in Albania and the Russian Federation
- Open Access
- Available under Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Journal of Urban Health
Volume 83, Issue 1 Supplement, pp 73-82
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Injection drug users
- Respondent driven sampling.
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Evaluation, Surveillance and Research Division, Family Health International, Arlington, VA, USA
- 5. Evaluation, Surveillance and Research Division, Family Health International, 2101 Wilson Blvd, Suite 700, Arlington, VA, 22201, USA
- 2. Faculty of Medicine, Department of Infectious Disease, Tirana University, Tirana, Albania
- 3. Saint-Petersburg Non-Governmental Organization of Social Projects “Stellit”, St. Petersburg, Russia
- 4. Institute of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Tirana, Albania