Article

Plasmonics

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 89-94

Surface Plasmon Enhancement at a Liquid–Metal–Liquid Interface

  • Ion CohanoschiAffiliated withCollege of Optics & Photonics/CREOL & FPCE, University of Central FloridaDepartment of Chemistry, University of Central Florida
  • , Arthur ThibertAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry, University of Central Florida
  • , Carlos ToroAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry, University of Central Florida
  • , Shengli ZouAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry, University of Central Florida
  • , Florencio E. HernándezAffiliated withCollege of Optics & Photonics/CREOL & FPCE, University of Central FloridaDepartment of Chemistry, University of Central Florida Email author 

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Abstract

Herein, we report the first experimental demonstration of surface plasmon enhancement at a liquid–metal–liquid interface using a pseudo-Kretschmann geometry. Pumping gold nanoparticle clusters at the interface of a p-xylene–water mixture, we were able to measure a fluorescence enhancement of three orders of magnitude in Rose Bengal at an excitation wavelength of 532 nm. The observed increase is due to the local electric field enhancement and the reduction of the fluorescence lifetime of dye molecules in the close vicinity of the metal surface. Theoretical modeling using the T-matrix method of the electric field intensity enhancement of emulated surfaces supports the experimental results. This new approach will open a new road for the study of dynamic systems using plasmonics.

Keywords

Surface plasmon resonance Fluorescence enhancement Liquid–metal–liquid interface