Research Paper

Acta Geotechnica

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 407-421

First online:

Evaluation of bagasse ash treated lateritic soil as a potential barrier material in waste containment application

  • Adrian O. EberemuAffiliated withDepartment of Civil Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University Email author 

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Laboratory tests were conducted on a reddish-brown lateritic soil treated with up to 12 % bagasse ash to assess its suitability in waste containment barriers applications. Soil samples were prepared using four compaction energies (i.e. reduced Proctor, standard Proctor, West African Standard or ‘intermediate’ and modified Proctor) at −2, 0, 2 and 4 % moulding water content of the optimum moisture content (OMC). Index properties, hydraulic conductivity (k), volumetric shrinkage and unconfined compressive strength (UCS) tests were performed. Overall acceptable zones under which the material is suitable as a barrier material were obtained. Results recorded showed improved index properties; hydraulic conductivity and UCS with bagasse ash treatment up to 8 % at the OMC. Volumetric shrinkage strain increased with higher bagasse ash treatment. Based on the overall acceptable zone obtained, an 8 % optimal bagasse ash treatment of the natural lateritic soil makes it suitable for use in waste containment barrier application.


Bagasse ash Compaction Hydraulic conductivity Lateritic soil Liner Unconfined compressive strength Volumetric shrinkage