Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 58, Issue 12, pp 1436–1442

Projected change in the relationship between East Asian summer rainfall and upper-tropospheric westerly jet

Open AccessArticle SPECIAL ISSUE: Extreme Climate in China

DOI: 10.1007/s11434-012-5540-1

Cite this article as:
Dai, Y. & Lu, R. Chin. Sci. Bull. (2013) 58: 1436. doi:10.1007/s11434-012-5540-1

Abstract

The authors analyzed the interannual variability in summer precipitation and the East Asian upper-tropospheric jet (EAJ) over East Asia under the Historical and Representative Concentration Pathways Scenarios (RCPs, including RCP4.5 and RCP8.5), using outputs of 17 Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 5 (CMIP5) coupled models. The analyzed results indicate that the models can reasonably reproduce relatively stronger interannual variability in both East Asian summer rainfall (EASR) and EAJ. These models can also capture the relationship between the rainfall anomaly along the East Asian rain belt and meridional displacement of the EAJ. Projected results suggest that the interannual variabilities in precipitation along the East Asian rain belt and in the EAJ are enhanced under the scenarios RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 in the 21st century, which is consistent with the previous studies. Furthermore, it is found that the relationship between the East Asian rainfall and the meridional displacement of the EAJ is projected to be stronger in the 21st century under the global warming scenarios, although there are appreciable discrepancies among the models.

Keywords

East Asian rainfallEast Asian upper-tropospheric jetinterannual variabilityrelationshipprojected change
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© The Author(s) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (LASG), Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina