Chinese Science Bulletin

, Volume 58, Issue 3, pp 299–306

Craniometrical evidence for population admixture between Eastern and Western Eurasians in Bronze Age southwest Xinjiang

Authors

  • JingZe Tan
    • Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology (Ministry of Education), School of Life SciencesFudan University
    • Shanghai Society of Anthropology
  • LiMing Li
    • Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology (Ministry of Education), School of Life SciencesFudan University
  • JianBo Zhang
    • Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology (Ministry of Education), School of Life SciencesFudan University
  • WenQing Fu
    • Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology (Ministry of Education), School of Life SciencesFudan University
  • HaiJuan Guan
    • Shanghai Society of Anthropology
  • Xue Ao
    • Shanghai Society of Anthropology
  • LingE Wang
    • Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology (Ministry of Education), School of Life SciencesFudan University
  • XinHua Wu
    • Institute of ArchaeologyChinese Academy of Social Sciences
  • KangXin Han
    • Institute of ArchaeologyChinese Academy of Social Sciences
  • Li Jin
    • Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology (Ministry of Education), School of Life SciencesFudan University
    • Shanghai Society of Anthropology
    • Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology (Ministry of Education), School of Life SciencesFudan University
    • Shanghai Society of Anthropology
Open AccessInvited Article Geology

DOI: 10.1007/s11434-012-5459-6

Cite this article as:
Tan, J., Li, L., Zhang, J. et al. Chin. Sci. Bull. (2013) 58: 299. doi:10.1007/s11434-012-5459-6

Abstract

Xinjiang, the most northwest provincial administrative area of China, was the area where the oriental people met the occidental. The populations in Xinjiang exhibit very high genetic diversity. Previous study revealed that the eastern Xinjiang populations of the Bronze Age were mixed by the Eastern and the Western Eurasians. However, few studies have been performed to reveal when the population admixture started and how far to the west it reached. In this paper, we studied 148 craniofacial traits of 18 skulls from the Bronze Age Liushui graveyard in Khotan (Keriya County) in the southwest of Xinjiang. Seventeen craniometrical parameters of the Khotan samples were then compared with those of other ancient samples from around Xinjiang using dendrogram cluster analysis, principal components analysis, and multidimensional scaling. The results indicated that population sample of Liushui graveyard was mixed by the Western and Eastern Eurasians with about 79% contribution from the east. Therefore, we demonstrated that population admixture between east and west Eurasia can be traced back to as early as 1000 BC in southwest Xinjiang.

Keywords

craniometry morphology population admixture Khotan Kingdom Bronze Age

Supplementary material

11434_2012_5459_MOESM1_ESM.zip (51 kb)
Supplementary material, approximately 51.3 KB.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2012