Precipitation variation in the northeastern Tibetan Plateau recorded by the tree rings since 850 AD and its relevance to the Northern Hemisphere temperature
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Three well-dated Sabina Przewalskii ring-width chronologies from Dulan, China, have been used to reconstruct annual precipitation (from prior July to current June) variations on the northeast Tibetan Plateau since 850 AD. The reconstructions account of the instrumentally recorded precipitation variance are: 54.7% for the period of 1385–2000AD; 50.5% for 1099–1384AD and 45.7% for 850–1098AD. On the millenary scale, the precipitation variation over this region displays “W” shape, which has three peaks and two valleys. The precipitation is low during 1571–1879 AD, and high during 1880–2000 AD. 1900–2000 AD is the century with the highest precipitation over the northeast Tibetan Plateau in the last 1000 years, and 1962–2000 is the period with the highest precipitation, and the highest variability of precipitation as well in the last 1000 years. The reconstructed series also reveals that the variability of annual precipitation is large when the precipitation is more, and contrarily, variability is small when the precipitation is low. With the temperature increasing obviously in the 20th century, the precipitation in the study region significantly increased too, the variability of precipitation became larger, and drought and flooding occurred more frequently.
The yearly tree-ring width (high frequency signal) series in this region reflects the local annually precipitation variation. However, the series with 40-year moving average (low frequency signal) corresponds to the Northern Hemisphere temperature variations on the decadal to centurial scale. It correlates significantly with seven temperature curves of the Northern Hemisphere in the different time spans. For example, the correlation coefficients with the most temperature curves are around 0.9 during the period of 1852–1982 AD. In general, the temperature and the precipitation change synchronously in the Dulan region. It means that low temperature corresponds to low precipitation, and vice versa. This relationship may indicate that the climatic pattern is the combination of warm-wet and cold-dry on centenary to millenary scale over the Northern Tibetan Plateau in the past 1000 years. The departure series of 40-year moving average could be regarded as the millenarian temperature curve with annual resolution over the northeast Tibetan Plateau region.
- Wu, X. D., Dendroclimatic studies in China (eds Bradley, R. S., Jones, P. D.), Climate Since A.D. 1500, Routledge, London, 1992, 432–445.
- Zhang, Z. H., Wu, X. D., Reconstruction of climate variation in the Qilian Mountain region using tree-ring data for the last 700 years, Chinese Science Bulletin (in Chinese), 1997, 42(8): 849–851.
- Shao, X. M., Fan, J. M., Past climate on West Sichuan Plateau as reconstructed from ring-widths of dragon spruce, Quaternary Sciences(in Chinese), 1999, (1): 81–89.
- Yuan, Y. J., Li, J. F., Reconstruction and analysis of 450 years’ winter temperature series in the Urumqi River sources of Tianshan Mountains, Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology (in Chinese), 1999, 21(1): 63–69.
- Gou, X. H., Chen, F. H., Wang, Y. J. et al., Spring precipitation reconstruction in the east of the Qilian Mountains during the last 280 a by tree ring width, Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology (in Chinese), 2001, 23(3): 292–295.
- Liu, Y., Ma, L. M., Hughes, M. K. et al., Seasonal temperature reconstruction from central China based on tree ring data, Palaeobotanist, 2001, 50: 89–94.
- Liu, Y., Cai, Q. F., Ma, L. M. et al., Tree ring precipitation records from Baotou and the East Asia summer monsoon variations for the last 254 years, Earth Science Frontiers (in Chinese), 2001, 8(1): 91–96.
- Liu, Y., Cai, Q. F., Park, W. K. et al., Tree-ring Precipitation Records from Baiyinaobao, Inner Mongolia since A.D. 1838, Chinese Science Bulletin, 2003, 48(11): 1140–1145. CrossRef
- Bräuning, A. Dendrochronology for the last 1400 years in Eastern Tibet, GeoJurnal, 1994, 34(1): 75–95.
- Shao, X, M., Huang, L., Liu, H. B. et al., Tree ring precipitation records in Delinha, Qinghai Province for the last one thousand years, Science in China, Series D (in Chinese), 2004, 34(2): 145–153.
- Zhang, Q. B., Chen, G. D., Yao, T. D. et al., A 2,326-year tree-ring record of climate variability on the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, Geophysical Research Letters, 2003, 30(14): 1739–1742. CrossRef
- Liu, Y., Shi, J. F., Shishov, V. et al., Reconstruction of May–July precipitation in the north Helan Mountain, Inner Mongolia since A.D. 1726 from tree-ring late-wood widths, Chinese Science Bulletin, 2004, 49(4): 405–409.
- Liu, X. H., Qin, D. H., Shao, X. M. et al., Temperature variations recorded in tree rings from middle part of the Qilian Mountains during the last 1000 years, Science in China, Series D, (in Chinese) 2004, 34(1): 89–95.
- Jin, L. Y., Qin, N. S., Gou, X. H. et al., Series of spring maximum temperature on the plateau over southern Qinghai and its variations during the last 450 years, China Quaternary Sciences (in Chinese), 2005, 25(2): 193–201.
- Cai, Q. F., Liu, Y., Yang, Y. K. et al., The reconstruction of tree-ring chronology and early spring (from February to March) precipitation information in Huanglong region, Shaanxi province, Marine Geology and Quaternary Geology (in Chinese), 2005, 25(2): 133–139.
- Sheppard, P. R., Tarasov, P. E., Graumlich, L. J. et al., Annual precipitation since 515 BC reconstructed from living and fossil juniper growth of northeastern Qinghai Province, China, Climate Dynamics, 2004, 23: 869–881.
- Wan, Y. X., Liu, G. Y., Zhang, X. G. et al., The relationship between Sabina Przewalskii ring-with, and climatic variation in China for the last 1000 years and glacier advance and retreat, Chinese Science Bulletin (in Chinese), 1982, 27(21): 1316–1319.
- Kang, X. C., Graumlich, L. J., Sheppard, P. R., A 1835-year tree-ring chronology in Qinhai province, China and its preliminary analysis, Chinese Science Bulletin (in Chinese), 1997, 42(10): 70–75.
- Kang, X. C., Zhang, Q. H., Graumlich, L. J. et al., Reconstruction of A 1835a past climate for Dulan, Qinghai Province, using tree ring, Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology (in Chinese), 2000, 22(1): 65–72.
- Yang, B., Braeuning, A., Johnson, K. R. General characteristics of temperature variation in China during the last two millennia. Geophysical Research Letters, 2002, 29(10): 1029–1032. CrossRef
- Ye, D. Z., Gao, Y. X., Climatology on the Tibetan Plateau (in Chinese), Beijing: Science Press, 1979, 1–278.
- Dai, J. X., Climate Over the Tibetan Plateau (in Chinese), Beijing: Meteorological Press, 1991, 1–356.
- Stokes, M. A., Smiley, T. L., An Introduction to Tree-Ring Dating, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968, 1–73.
- Cook, E. T., Kairiukstis, L. A., Methods of Dendrochronology, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990, 1–394.
- Touchan, R., Meko, D. M., Hughes, M. K. A 396-year reconstruction of precipitation in southern Jordan, Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 1999, 1: 49–59.
- Haston, L., Michaelsen, J., Long-term central California precipitation variability and relationship to El Nino-Southern Oscillation, Journal of Climate, 1994, 7: 1373–1387. CrossRef
- Vill alba, R., Cook, E. R., Jacoby, G. C. et al., Tree-ring based reconstructions of northern Patagonia precipitation since AD 1600, The Hlecene, 1998, 8: 659–674.
- Fritts, H. C., Reconstructing Large-Scale Climatic Patterns from Tree-Ring Data—A Diagnostic Asis, Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 1991, 1–286.
- Liu, X. D., Chen, B. D., Climatic warming in the Tibetan Plateau during recent decades, International Journal of Climataology, 2000, 20: 1729–1742.
- Liu, X. D., Zhang, M. F., Hui, X. Y. et al., Contemporary climatic change of the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau and its response to greenhouse effect, Scientia Geographica Sinica (in Chinese), 1998, 18(2): 113–121.
- Briffa, K. R., Osborn, T. J., Low-frequency Temperature Variations from a Northern Tree Ring Density Network, Journal of Geophysical Research, 2001, 106: 2914–2929. CrossRef
- Briffa, K. R., Annual climate variability in the Holocene: interpreting the message of ancient trees, Quaternary Science Reviews, 2000, 19: 87–105. CrossRef
- Crowley, T. J., Causes of climate change over the past 1000 year, Science, 2000, 289: 270–277. CrossRef
- Esper, J., Cook, E. R., Schweingruber, F. H., Low frequency signals in long tree-ring chronologies for reconstructing past temperature variability, Science, 2002, 295: 2250–2253. CrossRef
- Jones, P. D., Briffa, K. R., Barnett, T. P. et al., High resolution paleoclimatic records for the last millennium: interpretation, and comparison with circulation model control-run temperatures, The Holocene, 1998, 8: 455–471. CrossRef
- Mann, M. E., Bradley, R. S., Hughes, M. K., Northern hemisphere temperatures during the past millennium: inference, uncertainties, and limitations, Geophysical Research Letters, 1999, 26: 759–762.
- Overpeck, J., Arctic environmental change of the last four centuries, Science, 1997, 278: 1251–1256. CrossRef
- Konnen, G. P., Jones, P. D., Kaltofen, M. H. et al., Pre-1866 extensions of the Southern Oscillation Index using early Indonesian and Tahitian meteorological readings, Journal of Climate, 1998, 11: 325–329.
- Precipitation variation in the northeastern Tibetan Plateau recorded by the tree rings since 850 AD and its relevance to the Northern Hemisphere temperature
Science in China Series D
Volume 49, Issue 4 , pp 408-420
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Science in China Press
- Additional Links
- Dulan China
- Sabina Przewalskii
- annual precipitation
- the Northern Hemisphere temperature
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. The State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, The Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an, 710075, China
- 2. Department of Environment Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, 710043, China
- 3. Institute of Salty Lake, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining, 810000, China
- 4. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100039, China
- 5. Center for Climatic Research, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, 53706, USA