, Volume 53, Issue 11, pp 2937-2948

Approximating probabilities of correlated events

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Abstract

Efron (1997) considered several approximations of p-values for simultaneous hypothesis testing. An extension of his approaches is considered here to approximate various probabilities of correlated events. Compared with multiple-integrations, our proposed method, the parallelogram formulas, based on a one-dimensional integral, not only substantially reduces the computational complexity but also maintains good accuracy. Applications of the proposed method to genetic association studies and group sequential analysis are investigated in detail. Numerical results including real data analysis and simulation studies demonstrate that the proposed method performs well.