, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 83-87
Date: 24 Sep 2013

Recovery After Cervical Decompression Surgery for the Treatment of Crowned Dens Syndrome Causing Progressive Neurological Decline: A Case Report

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Introduction

Traumatic injury to the spinal cord can be divided into complete and incomplete subtypes, based on complete or partial absence of neurologic function below the level of injury. Incomplete spinal cord injury has been shown to occur following cervical hyperextension or flexion injury in the setting of preexisting cervical spinal stenosis. The broad spectrum of symptoms from incomplete spinal cord injury includes weakness and sensory deficits potentially affecting upper and lower extremities, as well as bowel, bladder, and sexual dysfunction in severe cases. The most common type of incomplete spinal cord injury is central cord syndrome, which is characterized by a more severely impaired motor function in the upper than the lower extremities [1, 8, 10, 13, 16]. Progressive neurological deficit has also been reported to occur due to C1–C2 pannus formation in the setting of rheumatic disease [4, 12, 17, 19, 20].

Crowned dens syndrome (CDS) is a rare but known cause of decreased ce ...