Traumatic Osteochondral Injury of the Femoral Head Treated by Mosaicplasty: A Report of Two Cases
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The increased risk of symptomatic progression towards osteoarthritis after chondral damage has led to the development of multiple treatment options for cartilage repair. These procedures have evolved from arthroscopic lavage and debridement, to marrow stimulation techniques, and more recently, to osteochondral autograft and allograft transplants, and autogenous chondrocyte implantation. The success of mosaicplasty procedures in the knee has led to its application to other surfaces, including the talus, tibial plateau, patella, and humeral capitellum. In this report, we present two cases of a chondral defect to the femoral head after a traumatic hip dislocation, treated with an osteochondral autograft (OATS) from the ipsilateral knee, and the inferior femoral head, respectively, combined with a surgical dislocation of the hip. At greater than 1 year and greater than 5 years of follow-up, MRI studies have demonstrated good autograft incorporation with maintenance of articular surface conformity, and both patients clinically continue to have no pain and full active range of motion of their respective hips. In our opinion, treatment of osteochondral defects in the femoral head surface using a surgical dislocation combined with an OATS procedure is a promising approach, as full exposure of the femoral head can be obtained while preserving its vasculature, thus enabling adequate restoration of the articular cartilage surface.
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- Traumatic Osteochondral Injury of the Femoral Head Treated by Mosaicplasty: A Report of Two Cases
Volume 6, Issue 2 , pp 228-234
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- hip dislocation
- osteochondral autograft transplant
- femoral head
- osteochondral defect
- osteochondral injury
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY, 10021, USA
- 2. Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY, 10065, USA