HSS Journal

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 190–198

Alternative Procedures for Reducing Allogeneic Blood Transfusion in Elective Orthopedic Surgery

Authors

  • Kathrin Kleinert
    • Department of Orthopaedics, Balgrist University HospitalUniversity of Zurich
  • Oliver M. Theusinger
    • Institute of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital ZurichUniversity of Zurich
  • Johannes Nuernberg
    • Institute of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital ZurichUniversity of Zurich
    • Department of Orthopaedics, Balgrist University HospitalUniversity of Zurich
    • Division of Trauma Surgery, Department of SurgeryUniversity Hospital Zurich
Review Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11420-009-9151-6

Cite this article as:
Kleinert, K., Theusinger, O.M., Nuernberg, J. et al. HSS Jrnl (2010) 6: 190. doi:10.1007/s11420-009-9151-6

Abstract

Perioperative blood loss is a major problem in elective orthopedic surgery. Allogeneic transfusion is the standard treatment for perioperative blood loss resulting in low postoperative hemoglobin, but it has a number of well-recognized risks, complications, and costs. Alternatives to allogeneic blood transfusion include preoperative autologous donation and intraoperative salvage with postoperative autotransfusion. Orthopedic surgeons are often unaware of the different pre- and intraoperative possibilities of reducing blood loss and leave the management of coagulation and use of blood products completely to the anesthesiologists. The goal of this review is to compare alternatives to allogeneic blood transfusion from an orthopedic and anesthesia point of view focusing on estimated costs and acceptance by both parties.

Keywords

allogeneic blood transfusionblood losselective orthopedic surgeryautologous blood transfusionpredonationhemodilutionEPOiv ironfibrin sealantplatelet gel

Copyright information

© Hospital for Special Surgery 2009