, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 134-137
Date: 29 Jan 2010

Failure of the Patellar Tendon with the Patella Everted versus Noneverted in a Matched-Pair Cadaver Model

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Avoidance of patellar eversion during total knee arthroplasty may help to prevent injury to the patellar tendon. The purpose of this study was to compare the load-to-failure of the everted versus the noneverted patella in a cadaveric model. Fourteen cadaver knees (seven pairs) were loaded to failure with the patella everted in one knee and not everted in the other. Mean load-at-ultimate failure in the patella-everted group was 1,111 ± 572 N, and in the patella-noneverted group was 1,621 ± 683 N (p = 0.01). Additionally, loads-at-initial-partial failure were lower (p = 0.04) in the patella-everted compared to the patella-noneverted group, 573 ± 302 N versus 1,115 ± 358 N, respectively. A partial failure of the patellar tendon occurred in 100% of the everted specimens, whereas only 57% of the noneverted specimens had partial failure. These findings suggest patella eversion may lead to failure of the patellar insertion at lower loads than when the patella is not everted.