Original Article

HSS Journal

, 2:114

First online:

Early Polyethylene Wear and Excessive Acetabular Granuloma in an Uncemented HA-Coated Total Hip Arthroplasty—Midterm Results of a Prospective Study

  • Jörg Axel Karl OhnsorgeAffiliated withDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, UKA, RWTH-University of Aachen Email author 
  • , Jack DavisAffiliated withKnee & Hip Service, Hospital for Special Surgery
  • , Uwe MausAffiliated withDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, UKA, RWTH-University of Aachen
  • , Muharrem SaklakAffiliated withDepartment of General Surgery, UKA, RWTH-University of Aachen
  • , Markus WeisskopfAffiliated withDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, UKA, RWTH-University of Aachen
  • , Dieter Christian WirtzAffiliated withDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, UKA, RWTH-University of Aachen

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This is a prospective review of 135 HA-coated ABG I total hip arthroplasty (THA) systems with a mean clinical and radiographic follow-up of 8.5 years. The 5-year survival rate was 85%, but 22% of the patients were dissatisfied. Revision THA was already indicated in 28% of the patients, with 26% indicated for cup loosening. PE wear was detected by x-ray in 42%. Disproportionate substantial wear with an average linear loss of 2.6 mm at the inner rim of the insert was observed in 23% of the cases. The mean annual wear rate was calculated 0.1–0.25 mm/year. Laboratory examination of the retrieved PE revealed polishing, cracks, and subsurface delamination. Radiographic evidence of acetabular cysts were found to be excessive granuloma during surgery. Polarization microscopy revealed debris particles phagocytized by reticuloendothelial cells. Results confirm the general opinion that aseptic osteolysis is a cell-mediated process driven by the presence of particles generated from wear debris. The findings also suggest that the main reasons for the failure of the first-generation ABG hip system were an insufficient locking mechanism and poor PE congruency, and not solely poor PE quality.

Key words

cement-free total hip arthroplasty THA polyethylene wear osteolysis loosening revison ABG I