Diverse Multilateralism: Four Strategies in China’s Multilateral Diplomacy
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- Wuthnow, J., Li, X. & Qi, L. J OF CHIN POLIT SCI (2012) 17: 269. doi:10.1007/s11366-012-9202-6
This article addresses Chinas multilateral diplomacy by identifying four distinct strategies: watching, engaging, circumventing, and shaping. The typology builds on two literatures: power transition theory, and the more recent “assertiveness” discourse in the West. Drawing from a range of cases in both the economic and security domains, the article argues that China’s multilateralism is diverse, and that it cannot be un-problematically characterized as either status-quo or revisionist in nature. However, the general trend appears to be towards engagement, but with an assertive tact as China’s interests become further entangled in the business of international institutions.