Original Article

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 1-15

First online:

Culture and entrepreneurial orientation: a multi-country study

  • Sang M. LeeAffiliated withDepartment of Management, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Email author 
  • , Seong-bae LimAffiliated withBill Greehey School of Business, St. Mary’s University
  • , Raghuvar D. PathakAffiliated withDepartment of Management & Public Administration, University of the South Pacific

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Entrepreneurial orientation (EO) has been proven as an essential attribute of high performing firms, and the role of culture has been highlighted for generating robust EO. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of culture by identifying differences among the selected nations in terms of EO dimensions. This is an empirical study based on the data collected from university students in the U.S., Korea, Fiji, India, and Malaysia representing nations with significantly different cultural contexts. The result showed significant differences among the nations in most EO dimensions. This implies that customized education approaches based on unique cultural context are needed for developing EO among college students.


Entrepreneurial orientation Culture Cross-cultural study Multi-country study