International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 261–283

Entrepreneurial intention: the role of gender

  • Maria Cristina Díaz-García
  • Juan Jiménez-Moreno

DOI: 10.1007/s11365-008-0103-2

Cite this article as:
Díaz-García, M.C. & Jiménez-Moreno, J. Int Entrep Manag J (2010) 6: 261. doi:10.1007/s11365-008-0103-2


There is general agreement in previous research, drawing on the Theory of Planned Behaviour, that attitudes towards entrepreneurship are determining factors on entrepreneurial intention and gender also seems to play a key role. This study supports the core entrepreneurial intention model and focuses on the role of gender in this process, showing that men are more likely to think about creating a firm than being determined to do it. However, of those men, the ones who perceive higher congruence between masculine and entrepreneurial attributes are more likely to have a firm entrepreneurial intention. Also, both men and women with a firm entrepreneurial intention perceive successful entrepreneurs to have feminine attributes. This, together with the characteristics of the sample, may explain the lack of a gender difference in entrepreneurial intention.


GenderSocial normsSelf-efficacyAttitudeEntrepreneurial intention

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Cristina Díaz-García
    • 1
  • Juan Jiménez-Moreno
    • 1
  1. 1.Business Administration, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y EmpresarialesUniversity of Castilla–La ManchaAlbaceteSpain