Original Paper

Tree Genetics & Genomes

, Volume 8, Issue 5, pp 1041-1050

Genotypic variation in wood properties and growth traits of triploid hybrid clones of Populus tomentosa at three clonal trials

  • Pingdong ZhangAffiliated withNational Engineering Laboratory for Tree Breeding, Key laboratory of Genetics and Breeding in Forest Trees and Ornamental Plants, Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University
  • , Feng WuAffiliated withNational Engineering Laboratory for Tree Breeding, Key laboratory of Genetics and Breeding in Forest Trees and Ornamental Plants, Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University
  • , Xiangyang KangAffiliated withNational Engineering Laboratory for Tree Breeding, Key laboratory of Genetics and Breeding in Forest Trees and Ornamental Plants, Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University Email author 

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Abstract

To better understand the genetic control of growth traits (tree height, dbh, and stem volume) and wood properties (basic wood density and fiber length) in triploid hybrid clones of Populus tomentosa, genetic relationships among selected wood properties with growth traits were examined in 5-year-old clonal field trials located in Yanzhou, Gaotang, and Xiangfen, northern China. In total, 180 trees from 10 clones were sampled from the three sites. The site had a moderate effect on basic wood density (BWD), stem wood dry weight (DWT), and tree growth and had a highly significant effect on fiber length (FL) (P < 0.001). Clonal effects were also significant (P < 0.05) for all studied traits (except for diameter at breast height (DBH) and stem volume (SV)). Clone × site interaction was significant for all the studied traits except for FL. The estimated repeatability of clonal means for FL (0.91) was higher than for BWD (0.71), DWT (0.62), tree height (0.62), DBH (0.61), and SV (0.55). Intersite genetic correlation estimates indicated that wood properties were more stable than growth traits. Phenotypic correlation estimates between SV and BWD ranged from −0.29 to −0.10.

Keywords

Triploid clones Wood properties Clonal repeatability Genotypic correlation Genetic gains Populus tomentosa