Article

Journal of Experimental Criminology

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 225-253

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

A multi-site, randomized study of strengths-based case management with substance-abusing parolees

  • Michael PrendergastAffiliated withIntegrated Substance Abuse Programs, University of California Los Angeles Email author 
  • , Linda FrismanAffiliated withResearch Division, Connecticut Department of Mental Health & Addiction Services
  • , JoAnn Y. SacksAffiliated withCenter for the Integration of Research & Practice, National Development & Research Institutes, Inc
  • , Michele Staton-TindallAffiliated withCenter on Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky
  • , Lisa GreenwellAffiliated withIntegrated Substance Abuse Programs, University of California Los Angeles
  • , Hsiu-Ju LinAffiliated withResearch Division, Connecticut Department of Mental Health & Addiction Services
  • , Jerry CartierAffiliated withIntegrated Substance Abuse Programs, University of California Los Angeles

Abstract

Objectives

To test whether strengths-based case management provided during an inmate’s transition from incarceration to the community increases participation in community substance abuse treatment, enhances access to needed social services, and improves drug use, crime, and HIV risk outcomes.

Methods

In a multi-site trial, inmates (men and women) in four states (n = 812) were randomly assigned (within site) to receive either Transitional Case Management (TCM group), based on strengths-based principles, or standard parole services (SR group). Data were collected at baseline and at 3 and 9 months following release from prison. Analyses compared the two groups with respect to services received and to drug use, crime, and HIV risk behavior outcomes.

Results

There were no significant differences between parolees in the TCM group and the SR group on outcomes related to participation in drug abuse treatment, receipt of social services, or drug use, crime, and HIV risk behaviors. For specific services (e.g., residential treatment, mental health), although significant differences were found for length of participation or for number of visits, the number of participants in these services was small and the direction of effect was not consistent.

Conclusion

In contrast to positive findings in earlier studies of strengths-based case management with mental-health and drug-abuse clients, this study found that case management did not improve treatment participation or behavioral outcomes for parolees with drug problems. The discussion includes possible reasons for the findings and suggestions for modifications to the intervention that could be addressed in future research.

Keywords

Case management Drug-use offenders Experimental design Field experiments Offender treatment