, Volume 71, Issue 3, pp 1663-1681
Date: 11 Nov 2012

Joint Opportunistic Spectrum Sharing and Dynamic Full Frequency Reuse in OFDMA Cellular Relay Networks

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Abstract

This paper considers the problem of spectrum sharing in orthogonal frequency division multiple access cellular relay networks. Firstly, a novel dynamic full frequency reuse scheme is proposed to improve the spectral efficiency. Different from the conventional full frequency reuse scheme which only allows the base station (BS) reusing the subcarriers in the specific regions, an improved full frequency reuse scheme is proposed to allow the BS reusing all the subcarriers in the whole BS coverage region to exploit additional multiuser diversity gain. In order to dynamically reuse the frequency resource among the BS and relay stations (RSs) to further improve the spectral efficiency, the adaptive subcarrier scheduling is introduced into the improved full frequency reuse scheme to obtain more multi-user diversity gain, which forms the proposed novel dynamic full frequency reuse scheme. Secondly, in order to further increase the system throughput, the opportunistic spectrum sharing scheme is introduced to allow the RSs selectively reusing the subcarriers among each other, which joint with the proposed dynamic full frequency reuse scheme to intelligently allocates the subcarriers originally reused by the BS and a RS to another suitable RS which can best improve the system performance after considering the additional interference. Thirdly, in order to select The optimal reusing combination scheme of BS and RSs to exploit more potential system performance, a heuristic approach based on genetic algorithm is proposed to search the optimal BS and RSs combination to opportunistically share the frequency resource. Simulation results show that the proposed dynamic full frequency reuse scheme can obtain high spectral efficiency, fine fairness and low outage probability compared to the conventional full frequency reuse scheme. Furthermore, the system performance can be improved when considering the opportunistic spectrum sharing among RSs. Finally, after adopting the genetic algorithm, the system performance can be greatly improved by the frequency reusing among the optimal BS and RSs combination.