, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 339-361
Date: 27 Apr 2006

MIMO Channel Characterization for Short Range Fixed Wireless Propagation Environments

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Abstract

This paper reports results from wideband MIMO measurements performed in short range fixed wireless environments at 5.2 GHz. The objective is to provide MIMO channel characterization results for the measured environments and contribute to the limited available similar studies. Two kinds of propagation scenarios are investigated, rooftop to rooftop and street to rooftop, at three different sites always under LOS propagation conditions. The analysis of measurement data is performed in the context of non physical modeling, providing insight into the statistics of the measured channels. In particular, the slow time varying nature of the channel is studied and the narrow Doppler spectrum shape is approximated. Furthermore, frequency correlation results are obtained and the typical delay dispersion measures are extracted. Then, the antenna correlation is studied and the error of the Kronecker product approximation is evaluated. Finally, capacity results are provided and the channel measurements are characterized in terms of spatial multiplexing quality and multipath richness through condition number analysis.

Nikolaos D. Skentos received his Diploma in Electrical and Computer Engineering from the National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Greece in October 2000. Since January 2001 he has been a research associate at the Mobile Radio Communications Laboratory at the NTUA, and he is currently working towards the Ph.D. degree. His research interests include channel measurements, MIMO channel characterization, MIMO algorithms and space time processing. He has been active in the IST STINGRAY project, the COST 273 Action and the ACE Network of Excellence. He is also a member of the National Technical Chamber of Greece since 2001.
Athanasios G. Kanatas received the Diploma in Electrical Engineering from the National Technical University of Athens, Greece, in 1991, the M.Sc. degree in Satellite Communication Engineering from the University of Surrey, Surrey, UK in 1992, and the Ph.D. degree in Mobile Satellite Communications from the National Technical University of Athens, Greece in February 1997. From 1993 to 1994 he was with National Documentation Center of National Research Institute. In 1995 he joined SPACETEC Ltd. where he was Technical Project Manager for VISA/EMEA VSAT Project in Greece. In 1996 he joined the Mobile Radio Communications Laboratory as a research associate. From 1999 to 2002 he was with the Institute of Communication & Computer Systems. In 2000 he became a member of the Board of Directors of OTESAT S.A. He is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Technology Education and Digital Systems at University of Piraeus. His current research interests include channel characterization and estimation, simulation and modeling for mobile, mobile satellite, and future wireless communication systems. He has been a Senior Member of IEEE since 2002, and is also a member of the Technical Chamber of Greece. In 1999 he was elected Chairman of the Communications Society of the Greek IEEE Section.
Panagiotis I. Dallas was born 1967 in Thessaloniki, Greece. He obtained his diploma and Ph.D. degree from the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, in 1990 and 1997, respectively. Since 1998 he joined with INTRACOM where he currently is Section Manager of Advanced Communications Technologies branch of Emerging Technologies & Markets department, leading the next generation of broadband wireless access systems for internal and EU projects. He runs the relevant standardization activities (IEEE 802.16 and ETSI/BRAN HIPERMAN) in INTRACOM and he represents the company in WiMAX forum. Finally, he has over 30 publications in international journals and conferences.
Philip Constantinou received the Diploma in Physics from the National University of Athens in 1972, the Master of Applied Science in Electrical Engineering from the University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada in 1976, and the Ph.D. degree in Electrical Engineering in 1983 from Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. From 1976 to 1979 he was with Telesat Canada as a Communications System Engineer. In 1980 he joined the Ministry of Communications in Ottawa, Canada where he was engaged in the area of Mobile Communication. From 1984 to 1989 he was with the National Research Center Demokritos in Athens, Greece where he was involved in several research projects in the area of Mobile Communications. In 1989 he joined the National Technical University of Athens where he is currently a Professor and Director of the Mobile Radio Communications Laboratory. His current research interests include Personal Communications, Mobile Satellite Communications, and Interference Problems on Digital Communications Systems.