Host Mobility Using an Internet Indirection Infrastructure
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
We propose the Robust Overlay Architecture for Mobility (ROAM) to provide seamless mobility for Internet hosts. ROAM is built on top of the Internet Indirection Infrastructure (i3). With i3, instead of explicitly sending a packet to a destination, each packet is associated with an identifier. This identifier defines an indirection point in i3, and is used by the receiver to obtain the packet.
ROAM takes advantage of end-host ability to control the placement of indirection points in i3 to provide efficient routing, fast handoff, and preserve location privacy for mobile hosts. In addition, ROAM allows end hosts to move simultaneously, and is as robust as the underlying IP network to node failure. We have developed a user-level prototype system on Linux that provides transparent mobility without modifying applications or the TCP/IP protocol stack. Simulation results show that ROAM's latency can be as low as 0.25–40% of Mobile IP. Experimental results show that with soft handoff the TCP throughput decreases only by 6% when there are as many as 0.25 handoffs per second.
- N. Anerousis et al., TOPS: An architecture for telephony over packet networks, in: IEEE JSAC in Comms (1999).
- M.G. Baker, X. Zhao, S. Cheshire and J. Stone, Supporting mobility in mosquitonet, in: Proceedings of USENIX Technical Conference (1996).
- H. Balakrishnan, S. Seshan, E. Amir and R.H. Katz, Improving TCP/IP performance over wireless networks, in: Proceedings of MOBICOM (1995).
- P. Calhoun, T. Johansson and C. Perkins, Internet draft: Diameter mobile IPv4 application, in: IETF (June 2002).
- S. Cheshire and M. Baker, Internet mobility 4 × 4, in: Proceedings of SIGCOMM (1996).
- M. Corner and B. Noble, Zero-interaction authentication, in: Proceedings of MOBICOM (2002).
- F. Dabek, F. Kaashoek, D. Karger, R. Morris and I. Stoica, Wide-area cooperative storage with CFS, in: Proc. SOSP (2001).
- S. Deering and D. Cheriton, Multicast routing in datagram internetworks and extended LANs, in ACM TOCS (May 1990).
- M. Faloutsos, P. Faloutsos and C. Faloutsos, On power-law relationships of the internet topology, in: Proceedings of SIGCOMM (1999) pp. 251–262.
- GT-ITM, http://www.cc.gatech.edu/fac/Ellen.Zegura/graphs.html.
- E. Gustafsson, A. Jonsson and C.E. Perkins, Internet draft: Mobile IP regionalized tunnel management, in: IETF (August 1999), work in progress.
- A. Helmy and M. Jaseemuddin, Effi- cient micro-mobility using intra-domain multicast-based mechanisms (M&M), Tech. Rep., USC (Aug 2001).
- A. Helmy, A multicast-based protocol for IP mobility support, in: Proceedings of NGC (2000).
- Host Identity Protocol, http://homebase.htt-consult.com/hip.html.
- D.B. Johnson and C. Perkins, Internet draft: Mobility support in IPv6, in: IETF, (June 2002), work in progress.
- J. Lilley, J. Yang, H. Balakrishnan and S. Seshan, A unified header compression framework for low-bandwidth links, in: Proceedings of MobiCOM (2000).
- LIN for IPv6, http://www.lin6.net/.
- K. Malki et al., Internet draft: Low latency handoffs in mobile IPv4, in: IETF (June 2002), work in progress.
- P. Maniatis et al., The mobile people architecture, in: ACM MC2R (July 1999).
- J. Mysore and V. Bharghavan, A new multicasting-based architecture for internet hostmobility, in: Proceedings of ACM/IEEE MobiCom (1997).
- J. Mysore and B. Vaduvur, Performance of transport protocols over a multicasting-based architecture for internet host mobility, in: IEEE ICC (1998).
- NIST Net Network Emulator, http://snad.ncsl.nist.gov/itg/nistnet/index.html.
- C. Perkins, RFC 3220: IP mobility support for IPv4, in: IETF (Jan 2002).
- C. Perkins and D.B. Johnson, Internet draft: Route optimization in mobile IP, in: IETF (Sept 2001).
- M. Ritter et al., Mobile connectivity protocols and throughput measurements in the ricochet mcdn system, in: Proceedings of MobiCom (2001).
- R. Rivest, RFC 1321: The MD5 message-digest algorithm, in: IETF (Apr 1992).
- J. Saltzer, RFC 1498: On the naming and binding of network destinations (Aug 1993).
- I. Stoica, D. Adkins, S. Zhuang, S. Shenker and S. Surana, Internet indirection infrastructure, in: Proceedings of SIGCOMM (2002).
- A.C. Snoeren and H. Balakrishnan, An end-to-end approach to hostmobility, in: Proceedings of MobiCom (2000).
- A.C. Snoeren et al., Hash-based ip traceback, in: Proceedings of SIGCOMM (2001).
- H. Soliman, C. Castelluccia, K. El-Malki and L. Bellier, Internet draft: Hierarchical MIPv6 mobility management, in: IETF (July 2002), work in progress.
- D. Tang and M. Baker, Analysis of a metropolitan- area wireless network, in: Proceedings of MobiCom (1999).
- F. Vakil et al., Internet draft: Supporting mobility for tcp with sip, in: IETF (December 2000), work in progress.
- H.J. Wang et al., ICEBERG: An Internet-core network architecture for integrated communications, IEEE Personal Communications Magazine (2000).
- Wireless LAN Medium Access Control and Physical Layer Specifications, Tech. Rep., IEEE Computer Society (1999).
- A. Yegin et al., Internet draft: Fast handovers for mobile IPv6, in: IETF (March 2002), work in progress.
- Host Mobility Using an Internet Indirection Infrastructure
Volume 11, Issue 6 , pp 741-756
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- overlay networks
- Internet infrastructure
- Industry Sectors