, Volume 24, Issue 9, pp 1731-1740
Date: 24 Jan 2008

Isolation and characterization of microorganisms able to produce 1,3-propanediol under aerobic conditions

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Abstract

Microbial fermentation under strictly anaerobic conditions has been conventionally used for the production of 1,3-propanediol, a key raw material required for the synthesis of polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) and other polyester fibers. In the current study, we have identified eight strains of microorganism which are able to produce 1,3-propanediol under aerobic condition. Those strains were isolated from garden soil, which were enriched by culturing in LB medium with glycerol added under aerobic condition. The identities of those strains were established based on their 16S rRNA sequences and physiological characteristics. Results indicated 6 strains are Citrobacter freundii and 2 strains are Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp Penumoniae. One of Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp Penumoniae strains, designated as TUAC01, demonstrated comparable levels of 1,3-propanediol oxidoreductase, glycerol dehydratase and glycerol dehydrogenase activity to the anaerobic microorganisms described in the literature. Accordingly, in larger scales (5 l) fed-batch culture the TUAC01 strain showed a remarkable 1,3-propanediol producing potency under aerobic conditions. 60.1 g/l of 1,3-propanediol was yield after 42 h incubation in an agitating bioreactor; and in air-lift bioreactor 66.3 g/l of 1,3-propanediol was yield after 58.5 h incubation. The aerobic ferment process, reduced the product cost and made the biological method of 1,3-propanediol production more attractive.