Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, Volume 223, Issue 7, pp 4253–4273

Effectiveness of Low Impact Development Practices: Literature Review and Suggestions for Future Research


    • Department of Agricultural and Biological EngineeringPurdue University
  • Bernard A. Engel
    • Department of Agricultural and Biological EngineeringPurdue University
  • Indrajeet Chaubey
    • Department of Agricultural and Biological EngineeringPurdue University
    • Department of Earth and Atmospheric SciencesPurdue University
    • Division of Environmental and Ecological EngineeringPurdue University

DOI: 10.1007/s11270-012-1189-2

Cite this article as:
Ahiablame, L.M., Engel, B.A. & Chaubey, I. Water Air Soil Pollut (2012) 223: 4253. doi:10.1007/s11270-012-1189-2


Low impact development (LID) is a land development strategy for managing stormwater at the source with decentralized micro-scale control measures. Since the emergence of LID practices, they have been successfully used to manage stormwater runoff, improve water quality, and protect the environment. However, discussions still surround the effectiveness of many of these practices, resulting in a reluctance to widely adopt them. This paper highlights evidence in the literature regarding the beneficial uses of LID practices. A discussion of how LID practices are represented in hydrologic/water quality models is also provided using illustrative examples of three computational models developed with algorithms and modules to support widespread adoption of LID practices. Finally, the paper suggests directions for future research opportunities.


ModelingDiffuse pollutionUrban water planningEnvironmental impactRunoffWater quality

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012