Article

Plant Ecology

, Volume 212, Issue 12, pp 2085-2094

Fire tolerance of a resprouting Artemisia (Asteraceae) shrub

  • Stephen L. WinterAffiliated withDepartment of Natural Resource Ecology and Management, Oklahoma State University Email author 
  • , Samuel D. FuhlendorfAffiliated withDepartment of Natural Resource Ecology and Management, Oklahoma State University
  • , Carla L. GoadAffiliated withDepartment of Statistics, Oklahoma State University
  • , Craig A. DavisAffiliated withDepartment of Natural Resource Ecology and Management, Oklahoma State University
  • , Karen R. HickmanAffiliated withDepartment of Natural Resource Ecology and Management, Oklahoma State University
  • , David M. LeslieJr.Affiliated withUS Geological Survey, Oklahoma Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Oklahoma State University

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Abstract

In North America, most Artemisia (Asteraceae) shrub species lack the ability to resprout after disturbances that remove aboveground biomass. We studied the response of one of the few resprouting Artemisia shrubs, Artemisia filifolia (sand sagebrush), to the effects of prescribed fires. We collected data on A. filifolia density and structural characteristics (height, canopy area, and canopy volume) in an A. filifolia shrubland in the southern Great Plains of North America. Our study sites included areas that had not been treated with prescribed fire, areas that had been treated with only one prescribed fire within the previous 5 years, and areas that had been treated with two prescribed fires within the previous 10 years. Our data were collected at time periods ranging from ½ to 5 years after the prescribed fires. Density of A. filifolia was not affected by one or two fires. Structural characteristics, although initially altered by prescribed fire, recovered to levels characteristic of unburned areas in 3–4 years after those fires. In contrast to most non-sprouting North American Artemisia shrub species, our research suggested that the resprouting A. filifolia is highly tolerant to the effects of fire.

Keywords

Density Disturbance ecology Ecosystem maintenance Fire-dependent Fire-influenced Prescribed fire Vegetation structure Woody plant