Improving command and control speech recognition on mobile devices: using predictive user models for language modeling
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- Paek, T. & Chickering, D.M. User Model User-Adap Inter (2007) 17: 93. doi:10.1007/s11257-006-9021-6
Command and control (C&C) speech recognition allows users to interact with a system by speaking commands or asking questions restricted to a fixed grammar containing pre-defined phrases. Whereas C&C interaction has been commonplace in telephony and accessibility systems for many years, only recently have mobile devices had the memory and processing capacity to support client-side speech recognition. Given the personal nature of mobile devices, statistical models that can predict commands based in part on past user behavior hold promise for improving C&C recognition accuracy. For example, if a user calls a spouse at the end of every workday, the language model could be adapted to weight the spouse more than other contacts during that time. In this paper, we describe and assess statistical models learned from a large population of users for predicting the next user command of a commercial C&C application. We explain how these models were used for language modeling, and evaluate their performance in terms of task completion. The best performing model achieved a 26% relative reduction in error rate compared to the base system. Finally, we investigate the effects of personalization on performance at different learning rates via online updating of model parameters based on individual user data. Personalization significantly increased relative reduction in error rate by an additional 5%.