The impact of periodontal disease on physical and psychological domains in long-term hemodialysis patients: a cross-sectional study

  • Gabriel Veisa
  • Alexandra Tasmoc
  • Ionut Nistor
  • Liviu Segall
  • Dimitrie Siriopol
  • Sorina Mihaela Solomon
  • Mihaela Dora Donciu
  • Luminita Voroneanu
  • Andra Nastasa
  • Adrian Covic
Nephrology – Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11255-017-1571-5

Cite this article as:
Veisa, G., Tasmoc, A., Nistor, I. et al. Int Urol Nephrol (2017). doi:10.1007/s11255-017-1571-5

Abstract

Purpose

Periodontal disease is a chronic infectious disease. Individuals with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) experience impaired quality of life (QoL) and low oral health. This is the first comprehensive study which aimed to explore the link between periodontal disease and quality of life, assessed with the Short Form 36-Item Health Survey in hemodialysis patients.

Methods

In total, 101 patients (57 females) with ESKD were recruited from two Romanian dialysis centers. Periodontal disease assessment included the measurement of periodontal disease index, with its three components: the gingival and periodontal index (GP), the bacterial plaque index (PI) and the calculus index (CI). For assessing QoL, we used the Short Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36), with its two components: physical component (PCS) and mental component (MCS).

Results

The mean age was 52.5 ± 14.3 years. The dialysis vintage was 6.7 ± 5.6 years. According to periodontal status, the mean value of GP was 4.0 ± 1.3, mean PI was 1.8 ± 0.9, and mean CI was 1.3 ± 0.7. Regarding the QoL, the means for PCS and MCS were 38.0 ± 17.3 and 45.0 ± 16.3, respectively. In univariate analysis, the physical and mental components of QoL were significantly associated with the gingival and periodontal index, the bacterial plaque index and the calculus index. In the multivariable linear regression, only the gingival and periodontal index remained significantly associated with physical component (β = −3.26, p = 0.04, 95% CI −6.39 to −0.13) and mental component (β = −5.57, p = 0.001, 95% CI −8.74 to −2.41) of QoL.

Conclusion

Our study shows a high prevalence and severity of periodontal disease. The gingival and periodontal index was associated with low QoL, both on physical and on mental components.

Keywords

End-stage kidney disease Periodontal disease Quality of life Hemodialysis 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriel Veisa
    • 1
  • Alexandra Tasmoc
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ionut Nistor
    • 1
  • Liviu Segall
    • 1
  • Dimitrie Siriopol
    • 1
  • Sorina Mihaela Solomon
    • 4
  • Mihaela Dora Donciu
    • 1
  • Luminita Voroneanu
    • 1
  • Andra Nastasa
    • 1
  • Adrian Covic
    • 1
  1. 1.Nephrology Department, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of Medicine and Pharmacy “Gr. T. Popa”IasiRomania
  2. 2.Dialysis and Renal Transplantation Center“Dr. C. I. Parhon” University HospitalIasiRomania
  3. 3.Medical Deontology and Bioethics Department, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of Medicine and Pharmacy “Gr. T. Popa”IasiRomania
  4. 4.Periodontology Department, Faculty of Dental MedicineUniversity of Medicine and Pharmacy “Gr. T. Popa”IasiRomania