Short Communications

Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 1265-1267

First online:

First confirmation of foot and mouth disease virus serotype SAT-1 in cattle and small ruminants in Ethiopia in 2007/08

  • Yoseph LegesseAffiliated withFaculty of Veterinary Medicine, Jigjiga University
  • , Yilkal AsfawAffiliated withFaculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University
  • , Mesfin SahleAffiliated withNational Animal Heath and Diagnostic Investigation Center
  • , Gelagay AyeletAffiliated withNational Veterinary Institute
  • , Shiferaw JenberieAffiliated withNational Veterinary Institute
  • , Haileleul NegussieAffiliated withFaculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University Email author 

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The study was conducted in three regional states of Ethiopia: Amhara, Oromia, and the Southern Nations Nationalities and people regional state from August 2007 to April 2008 with the objective of identifying the foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) serotypes circulating in the region. Two serotypes were recorded from epithelial tissue and oesophageal–pharyngeal (OP) fluid that were taken from outbreaks in study regions of Ethiopia. Serotype O FMDV was identified in Girar Jarso, Yabello, and Ankesha Guagusa districts while SAT-1 was isolated in Surma and Maji districts from tissue samples and this was the first report of the FMDV serotype in Ethiopia. Similarly, the OP fluid samples were found positive for SAT-1 FMDV in Maji and Surma districts.


FMDV Oesophageal–pharyngeal fluid Serotype Tissue sample Ethiopia