Synthese

pp 1–22

Value of cognitive diversity in science

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11229-016-1147-4

Cite this article as:
Pöyhönen, S. Synthese (2016). doi:10.1007/s11229-016-1147-4

Abstract

When should a scientific community be cognitively diverse? This article presents a model for studying how the heterogeneity of learning heuristics used by scientist agents affects the epistemic efficiency of a scientific community. By extending the epistemic landscapes modeling approach introduced by Weisberg and Muldoon, the article casts light on the micro-mechanisms mediating cognitive diversity, coordination, and problem-solving efficiency. The results suggest that social learning and cognitive diversity produce epistemic benefits only when the epistemic community is faced with problems of sufficient difficulty.

Keywords

Social epistemology Diversity Social learning Division of cognitive labor 

Supplementary material

11229_2016_1147_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (167 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (xlsx 167 KB)
11229_2016_1147_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (15 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (pdf 15 KB)
11229_2016_1147_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (91 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (pdf 90 KB)
11229_2016_1147_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (1.3 mb)
Supplementary material 4 (pdf 1322 KB)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Social and Moral Philosophy/Department of Political and Economic StudiesUniversity of HelsinkiTurkuFinland

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