, Volume 187, Issue 1, pp 95–122

Reversing 30 years of discussion: why causal decision theorists should one-box


DOI: 10.1007/s11229-011-0023-5

Cite this article as:
Spohn, W. Synthese (2012) 187: 95. doi:10.1007/s11229-011-0023-5


The paper will show how one may rationalize one-boxing in Newcomb’s problem and drinking the toxin in the Toxin puzzle within the confines of causal decision theory by ascending to so-called reflexive decision models which reflect how actions are caused by decision situations (beliefs, desires, and intentions) represented by ordinary unreflexive decision models.


Causal decision theoryEvidential decision theoryNewcomb’s problemToxin puzzleReflexive decision theory

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of KonstanzKonstanzGermany