Solar Physics

, Volume 226, Issue 2, pp 359-376

First online:

Independent Global Modes of Solar Magnetic Field Fluctuations

  • A. C. CadavidAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Astronomy, California State University Email author 
  • , J. K. LawrenceAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Astronomy, California State University
  • , D. P. McDonaldAffiliated withDepartment of Physics and Astronomy, California State University
  • , A. RuzmaikinAffiliated withJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology

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Observed solar, interplanetary and geomagnetic time series contain quasi periodicities on scales of 1–2.5 years. The further discovery of 1.3 year fluctuations in helioseismic observations suggests that a variety of signals may be related to the underlying dynamo in the Sun. We use independent component analysis to study the temporal and spatial variations of a few statistically independent global modes of the axisymmetric solar magnetic field over a period of 25 years. Five modes capture the salient properties of the data. Two modes describe the polar and high latitude fields, and present 1–1.5 year quasi periodicities. The other three modes correspond to low and mid-latitude phenomena and show both 1.3 and 1.7-year variations. By comparing the characteristic time scales, dates of occurrence and heliocentric latitudes of these modes, we connect them to their manifestations in heliospheric time series.