Transitions from Temporary to Permanent Work in Canada: Who Makes the Transition and Why?
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The focus of this paper is on a microeconomic analysis of the annual transition rate from temporary to permanent work of individual workers in Canada for the period 1999–2004. Given that a large proportion of temporary employment is involuntary, an understanding of the factors associated with the transition to permanent work may inform public policy. Factors associated with the transition, namely, human capital, household structures and labour market segmentation are analyzed using data from the Statistics Canada’s Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) for the period 1999–2004, limited to paid workers aged 20–64 years, excluding students. Among the key factors associated with the transitions are younger age and low unemployment rates. The analysis adds to the Canadian and international literature on transitions from temporary to permanent work.
- Amuedo-Dolantes, C. (2000). Work transitions into and out of involuntary temporary employment in a segmented market: Evidence from Spain. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 55(2), 309–325. CrossRef
- Baker, D., Glyn, A., Howell, D., & Schmitt, J. (2004). Unemployment and labor market institutions: The failure of the empirical case for deregulation. Report to the International Labour Organization and available at http://www.newschool.edu/cepa/.
- Bentolila, S., & Dolado, J. J. (1994). Labour flexibility and wages: Lessons from Spain. Economic Policy, 18, 54–99.
- Blanchard, O., & Landier, A. (2001). The perverse effects of partial labour market reform: Fixed term contracts in France. Economic Journal, 112, 829–853.
- Blank, R. (1994). The dynamics of part-time work. NBER, Working Paper No. 4911.
- Booth, A. L., Dolado, J. J., & Frank, J. (2002a). Symposium on temporary work: Introduction. Economic Journal, 112, F181–F188. CrossRef
- Booth, A. L., Francesconi, M., & Frank, J. (2002b). Temporary jobs: Stepping stones or dead ends?. Economic Journal, 112, F189–F213. CrossRef
- Campbell, I., & Burgess, J. (2001). Casual employment in Australia and temporary employment in Europe: Developing a cross-national comparison. Work, Employment & Society, 15(1), 171–184. CrossRef
- Chalmers, J., & Kalb, G. (2001). Moving from unemployment to permanent employment: Could a casual job accelerate the transition? Australian Economic Review, 34(4), 415–436. CrossRef
- Doeringer, P. B., & Piore, M. J. (1971). Internal labor markets and manpower analysis. Lexington: D.C. Heath.
- Fuller, S., & Vosko, L. (2008). Temporary employment and social inequality in Canada: Exploring intersections of gender, race, and immigration status.
- Galarneau, D. (2005). Earnings of temporary versus permanent employees. Perspectives on Labour and Income, 17(1), 40–53.
- Gaston, N., & Timcke, D. (1999). Do casual workers find permanent full-time employment? Evidence from the Australian Youth Survey. The Economic Record, 75(231), 333–347. CrossRef
- Holmlund, B., & Storrie, D. (2002). Temporary work in turbulent times: The Swedish experience. Economic Journal, 112(480), F245–F269. CrossRef
- Hutchens, R. (1986). Delayed payment contracts and firm’s propensity to hire older workers. Journal of Labor Economics, 4(4), 439–457. CrossRef
- Janz, T. (2004). Low-paid employment and ‘moving up’. Income Statistics Division, Income research paper series, Statistics Canada.
- Kapsalis, C., & Tourigny, P. (2005). Duration of non-standard employment. Perspectives on Labour and Income, 17(1), 31–39.
- MacPhail, F., & Bowles, P. (2008). Temporary work and neoliberal government policy: Evidence from British Columbia, Canada. International Review of Applied Economics.
- Morissette, R., & Johnson, A. (2005). Are good jobs disappearing in Canada? Analytical Studies Research Paper Series, No. 239. Statistics Canada.
- Noreau, N. (2000). Longitudinal aspect of involuntary part-time employment. Income Statistics Division, Statistics Canada.
- O’Reilly, J., & Bothfeld, S. (2002). What happens after working part time? Integration, maintenance or exclusionary transitions in Britain and western Germany. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 26, 409–439. CrossRef
- Polivka, A. E. (1996). Into contingent and alternative employment: by choice? Monthly Labor Review, 119(10), 55–74.
- Segal, L. M., & Sullivan, D. G. (1997). The growth of temporary services work. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 11(2), 117–136.
- Vosko, L., Zukewich, N., & Cranford, C. (2003). Precarious jobs: A new typology of employment. Perspectives on Labour and Income, 15(5), 39–49.
- Wiens-Tuers, B. A. (2001). Employee attachment and temporary workers. Journal of Economic Issues, 35(1), 45–48.
- Transitions from Temporary to Permanent Work in Canada: Who Makes the Transition and Why?
Social Indicators Research
Volume 88, Issue 1 , pp 51-74
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Transition rates
- Permanent jobs
- Labour market flexibility
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. School of Administrative Studies, Atkinson Faculty of Liberal and Professional Studies, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, Canada, M3J 1P3
- 2. Economics Program, University of Northern British Columbia, 3333 University Way, Prince George, BC, Canada, V2N 4Z9