Sex Roles

, Volume 53, Issue 9, pp 647–661

Black Adolescent Girls: Do Gender Role and Racial Identity: Impact Their Self-Esteem?


    • Hunter CollegeCity University of New York
    • Department of Educational Foundations and Counseling ProgramsHunter College, CUNY
  • Robert T. Carter
    • Teachers CollegeColumbia University

DOI: 10.1007/s11199-005-7731-6

Cite this article as:
Buckley, T.R. & Carter, R.T. Sex Roles (2005) 53: 647. doi:10.1007/s11199-005-7731-6


This study was designed to explore Black adolescent girls' gender roles, racial identity, and self-esteem. These variables have not been examined together in a study of Black girls, yet studies of girls from other racial/cultural groups have demonstrated significant relationships. This type of exploration is important because Black girls do not experience the same declines in self-esteem as girls from other racial/cultural groups. Gender role orientation and racial identity have been put forth as possible explanations for Black girls' bolstered levels of self-esteem. Results indicated that Black girls with androgynous and masculine characteristics reported high levels of self-esteem. The results also indicated that Black girls with internally defined Black racial identity attitudes reported high levels of domain-specific self-esteem. In addition, androgyny was associated with high scores on internalization (Black racial identity).

Key Words

Black girlsgender rolesracial identityself-esteem

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005