Sex Roles

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 201–215

Cross-Cultural Reactions to Academic Sexual Harassment: Effects of Individualist vs. Collectivist Culture and Gender of Participants


    • Fairleigh Dickinson University
    • Psychology DepartmentFairleigh Dickinson University
  • Margaret S. Gibbs
    • Fairleigh Dickinson University
  • Carl Goodrich
    • Fairleigh Dickinson University
  • Tayyab Rashid
    • Fairleigh Dickinson University
  • Afroze Anjum
    • Fairleigh Dickinson University
  • Daniel Hsu
    • Fairleigh Dickinson University
  • Carrol S. Perrino
    • Morgan State University
  • Hale Bolak Boratav
    • Istanbul Bilgi University
  • Aggie Carson-Arenas
    • Angeles University Foundation
  • Berna van Baarsen
    • VU University Medical Centre
  • Joop van der Pligt
    • University of Amsterdam
  • Wei-Kang Pan
    • Modern Women’s Foundation

DOI: 10.1007/s11199-005-1295-3

Cite this article as:
Sigal, J., Gibbs, M.S., Goodrich, C. et al. Sex Roles (2005) 52: 201. doi:10.1007/s11199-005-1295-3


Male and female university students from the United States, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, Ecuador, Pakistan, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Turkey read a standardized scenario in which a male professor was accused of sexually harassing a female graduate student. Respondents from individualist countries judged the professor to be guilty of sexual harassment more often than did those from collectivist countries. Women rendered significantly more guilty judgments and assigned more severe punishments to the accused professor than did men. Implications for the individualist–collectivist classification system and cross-cultural research are discussed.



Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005