Scientometrics

, Volume 105, Issue 3, pp 1787–1807

The structure and dynamics of networks of scientific collaborations in Northern Africa

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11192-015-1635-1

Cite this article as:
Landini, F., Malerba, F. & Mavilia, R. Scientometrics (2015) 105: 1787. doi:10.1007/s11192-015-1635-1

Abstract

We examine the structure and dynamics of network of scientific international collaborations within North Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Egypt) using both publishing and patent data. Results show that the region has undergone a sustained process of internationalization, which has translated in both an expansion of the network of scientific collaborations and a relative increase in the research output of international teams. At the same time we find the existence of a very limited degree of scientific integration at the regional level, i.e. within Northern Africa. Among the countries examined, Egypt seems to be the most active one in terms of size of research output as well as number and variety of international collaborations. Moreover, Egypt is the most central node of the regional research network and this centrality has considerably grown over time. This increased importance of Egypt as regional research hub is associated with a remarkable increase in the centrality of Saudi Arabia within Egypt’s research network. This holds across a variety of research fields as well as in terms of applied science (as shown by patent data). Overall, these results suggest that the region is undergoing a deep transformation in the structure and composition of scientific collaborations.

Keywords

Research collaboration Scientific research North Africa Patents Network analysis 

JEL Classification

C80 (data collection and data estimation methodology: general) O10 (economic development: general) O55 (economywide country studies: Africa) 

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Landini
    • 1
    • 2
  • Franco Malerba
    • 2
  • Roberto Mavilia
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.MEDAlicsReggio CalabriaItaly
  2. 2.CRIOSBocconi UniversityMilanItaly