Abd-El-Khalick, F. (1998). The influence of history of science courses on student conceptions of the nature of science. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Oregon State University, Corvalis, OR.
Abd-El-Khalick, F. (2001). Do history of science courses influence college students’ views of the nature of science? In Paper presented at the 6th annual meeting of the International History, Philosophy and Science Teaching Group, Denver, CO.
Abd-El-Khalick, F., Bell, R., & Lederman, N. (1998). The nature of science and instructional practice: Making the unnatural natural. Science Education,
Abd-El-Khalick, F., & Lederman, N. (2000). The influence of history of science courses on students’ views of nature of science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching,
Abell, S. K., & Smith, D. C. (1994). What is science? Preservice elementary teachers’ conceptions of the nature of science. International Journal of Science Education,
Akerson, V. L., Abd-El-Khalick, F., & Lederman, N. (2000). Influence of a reflective explicit activity-based approach on elementary teacher’s conceptions of the nature of science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching,
Allchin, D. (1993). Of squid hearts and William Harvey. Science Teacher,
Allchin, D. (2011). Evaluating knowledge of the nature of (whole) science. Science Education,
American Association for the Advancement of Science [AAAS]. (1993). Science for all Americans. New York: Oxford University Press.
Clough, M. P. (2006). Learners’ responses to the demands of conceptual change: Considerations for effective nature of science instruction. Science Education,
Clough, M. P. (2007). Teaching the nature of science to secondary and post-secondary students: Questions rather than tenets. Pantaneto Forum
, 25 (Jan). URL: www.pantaneto.co.uk/issue25/clough.htm
. Downloaded June 29, 2012.
Cotham, J. C., & Smith, E. L. (1981). Development and validation of the conceptions of scientific theories test. Journal of Research in Science Teaching,
Dagher, Z., & Boujande, S. (2005). Students’ perceptions of the nature of evolutionary theory. Science Education,
DeBoer, G. E. (1991). A history of ideas in science education: Implications for practice. New York: Teachers College.
Deng, F., Chen, D.-T., Tsai, C.-C., & Chai, C.-S. (2011). Students’ views of the nature of science: A critical review of research. Science Education,
Driver, R., & Oldham, V. (1986). A constructivist approach to curriculum development. Studies in Science Education,
Elby, A., & Hammer, D. (2001). On the substance of a sophisticated epistemology. Science Education,
Farrari, M., & Chi, M. (1998). The nature of naïve explanations of natural selection. International Journal of Science Education,
Galili, I. (2012). Promotion of cultural content knowledge through the use of history and philosophy of science. Science & Education,
Ginsberg, H. P. (1997). Entertaining the child’s mind: The clinical interview in psychological research and practice
. New York: Harper Collins.CrossRef
Hanuscin, D. L., Akerson, V. L., & Philipson-Mower, T. (2006). Integrating nature of science instruction into a physical science content course for preservice elementary teachers: NOS views of teaching assistants. Science Education,
Harris, M. (1986 ). The Aurelian or natural history of English insects; namely, moths and butterflies. Newnes, Twickenham, UK.
Hodges, J. L., & Lehmann, E. L. (1963). Estimation of location based on ranks. Annals of Mathematical Statistics,
Howe, E. M. (2004). Using the history of research on sickle-cell anemia to affect preservice teachers’ conceptions of the nature of science. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI.
Howe, E. M., & Rudge, D. W. (2005). Recapitulating the history of sickle-cell anemia research: Improving students’ NOS views explicitly and reflectively. Science & Education,
Irzik, G., & Nola, R. (2011). A family resemblance approach to the nature of science for science education. Science & Education,
Jenkins, E. W. (1994). HPS and school science education: Remediation or reconstruction? International Journal of Science Education,
Kettlewell, H. B. D. (1961). Evolution in progress. (Cinematographer N. Tinbergen)—sound popularization of the selection experiments film distributed by British Universities Film and Video Council, London.
Khishfe, R., & Abd-El-Khalick, F. (2002). Influence of explicit and reflective versus implicit-oriented instruction on sixth graders’ views of nature of science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching,
Khishfe, R., & Lederman, N. (2007). Relation between instructional context and views of nature of science. International Journal of Science Education,
Kim, S. Y., & Irving, K. E. (2010). History of science as an instructional context: Student learning in genetics and the nature of science. Science & Education,
Landis, J. R., & Koch, G. G. (1977). The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. Biometrics,
Lederman, N. (1992). Students’ and teachers’ conceptions about the nature of science: A review of the research. Journal of Research in Science Teaching,
Lederman, N. (2007). Nature of science: Past, present, and future. In S. K. Abell & N. Lederman (Eds.), Handbook of research in science education. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Lederman, N., Abd-El-Khalick, F., Bell, R., & Schwartz, R. (2002). Views of nature of science questionnaire: Toward valid and meaningful assessment of learners’ conceptions of nature of science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching,
Lederman, N., & O’Malley, M. (1990). Students’ perceptions of tentativeness of science: Development, use, and sources of change. Science Education,
Lederman, N., Wade, P., & Bell, R. L. (1998). Assessing understanding of the nature of science: A historical perspective. In W. F. McComas (Ed.), The nature of science in science education. Netherlands: Kluwer.
Lin, H., & Chen, C.-C. (2002). Promoting preservice chemistry teachers understanding about the nature of science through history. Journal of Research in Science Teaching,
Matthews, M. R. (1994). Science teaching: The role of history and philosophy of science. New York: Rutledge.
Maxwell, A. E. (1970). Comparing the classification of subjects by two independent judges. British Journal of Psychiatry,
McComas, W. (1997). The discovery of nature of evolution by natural selection: Misconceptions and lessons from the history of science. American Biology Teacher,
McComas, W. F., Almazroa, H., & Clough, M. P. (1998). The nature of science in science education. Science & Education,
McDonald, C. V. (2010). The influence of explicit nature of science and argumentation instruction on preservice primary teachers’ views of nature of science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching,
Monk, M., & Osborne, J. (1997). Placing the history and philosophy of science on the curriculum: A model for the development of pedagogy. Science Education,
Nagasawa, P. (2004). Epistemological relevations in students’ science writing. In Paper presented at the
National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Vancouver, Canada.
National Research Council [NRC]. (1996). National science education standards. National Academy Press, Washington D.C.
Palmquist, B., & Finley, F. (1997). Preservice teachers’ views of the nature of science during a post baccalaureate science teaching program. Journal of Research in Science Teaching,
Rudge, D. W., Geer, U. C., & Howe, E. M. (2007). But is it effective? Assessing the impact of a historically-based unit. In Ninth international history, philosophy & science teaching (IHPST) conference
, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada, Session 4.0.3. http://www.ucalgary.ca/ihpst07/abstracts_thu.htm
Rudge, D. W., & Howe, E. M. (2009). An explicit and reflective approach to the use of history to promote understanding of the nature of science. Science & Education,
Rudolph, J. L. (2000). Reconsidering the ‘nature of science’ as a curriculum component. Journal of Curriculum Studies,
Settlage, J. (1994). Conceptions of natural selection: A snapshot of the sense-making process. Journal of Research in Science Teaching,
Southerland, S. A., Johnston, A., Sowell, S., & Settlage, J. (2005). Perhaps triangulation isn’t enough: A call for crystallization as a methodological referent in NOS research. In Paper presented at the
AERA 2005 annual meeting
(Montreal, Canada). http://digitalcommons.uconn.edu/terc_docs/1
Stuart, A. (1955). A test for homogeneity of the marginal distributions in a two-way classification. Biometrika,
Wilcoxon, F. (1945). Individual comparisons by ranking methods. Biometrics Bulletin,
Yacoubian, H. A., & BouJaoude, S. (2010). The effect of reflective discussions following inquiry-based laboratory activities on students’ views of nature of science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching,