Russian Chemical Bulletin

, Volume 62, Issue 3, pp 830–835

Conversion of carbohydrates to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural: the nature of the observed selectivity decrease and microwave radiation effect

Authors

    • N. D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic ChemistryRussian Academy of Sciences
  • V. V. Kachala
    • N. D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic ChemistryRussian Academy of Sciences
  • V. P. Ananikov
    • N. D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic ChemistryRussian Academy of Sciences
Full Articles

DOI: 10.1007/s11172-013-0112-3

Cite this article as:
Khokhlova, E.A., Kachala, V.V. & Ananikov, V.P. Russ Chem Bull (2013) 62: 830. doi:10.1007/s11172-013-0112-3

Abstract

The special NMR monitoring technique showed that conversion of glucose and fructose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in ionic liquids is highly selective and the formation of by-products, mainly oligomers, is related to further dehydration of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural. The replacement of usual heating by microwave irradiation provides high conversion of glucose (93%) and good yield of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (85%) at 80 °C within 2.5 min.

Key words

ionic liquids carbohydrates 5-hydroxymethylfurfural biomass biofuel microwave irradiation glucose fructose

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013